§ 25.03 Definitions.


Latest version.
  • For purposes of this part, the following definitions apply:

    Activity means a loan, investment, or service by a bank.

    Affiliate has the meaning this term is given in Regulation W, 12 CFR 223.2(a) and (b), as of October 1, 2020 and includes non-member banks.

    Area median income means:

    (1) The median family income for the metropolitan statistical area, if a person or census tract is located in a metropolitan statistical area, or for the metropolitan division, if a person or census tract is located in a metropolitan statistical area that has been subdivided into metropolitan divisions; or

    (2) The statewide nonmetropolitan median family income, if a person or census tract is located outside a metropolitan statistical area.

    Assessment area means a geographic area delineated in accordance with §25.09.

    Automated teller machine (ATM) means an automated banking facility owned or operated by, or operated exclusively for, the bank at which deposits are received, cash dispersed, or money lent.

    Average means the statistical mean.

    Bank means a national bank (including a Federal branch as defined in part 28 of this chapter) or a savings association, the deposits of which are insured by the FDIC pursuant to Chapter 16 of Title 12, as described in 12 U.S.C. 1813(c)(2), except as provided in §25.01(c).

    Branch means a staffed banking facility authorized as a branch, whether shared or unshared, including, for example, a mini-branch in a grocery store or a branch operated in conjunction with any other local business or non-profit organization. The term “branch” only includes a “domestic branch” as that term is defined in section 3(o) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDIA) (12 U.S.C. 1813(o)).

    Call Report means Consolidated Reports of Condition and Income as filed under 12 U.S.C. 161.

    Commitment to lend means a legally binding commitment to extend credit, such as a standby letter of credit.

    Community Development Financial Institution has the same meaning as this term is given in 12 U.S.C. 4702(5).

    Community development investment means a lawful investment, membership share, deposit, legally binding commitment to invest that is reported on the Call Report, Schedule RC-L, or monetary or in-kind donation that meets the criteria of §25.04(c).

    Community development loan means a loan, line of credit, or commitment to lend that meets the criteria of §25.04(c).

    Community development services means bank employee time spent volunteering as a representative of the bank on activities that meet the criteria of §25.04(c) or supporting activities that meet the criteria of §25.04(c)(2), (11). A bank employee may receive expense reimbursement for volunteer time related to the community development activity.

    Compensation means the median hourly compensation value (i.e., total salaries and benefits divided by full-time equivalent employees) for the banking industry based on aggregate Call Report data for median salaries and employee benefits from Schedule RI, Item 7.a and the median number of full-time equivalent employees from Schedule RI Memorandum Item 5.

    Consumer loan means a loan reported on the Call Report, Schedule RC-C, Loans and Lease Financing Receivables, Part 1, Item 6, Loans to individuals for household, family, and other personal expenditures other than overdraft plans that is a:

    (1) Other revolving credit plan, which is an extension of credit to an individual for household, family, and other personal expenditures arising from revolving credit plans not accessed by credit cards;

    (2) Automobile loan, which is a consumer loan extended for the purpose of purchasing new and used passenger cars and other vehicles such as minivans, vans, sport-utility vehicles, pickup trucks, and similar light trucks for personal use; and

    (3) Other consumer loan, which is any other loan to an individual for household, family, and other personal expenditures (other than those that meet the definition of a “loan secured by real estate” and other than those for purchasing or carrying securities), including low-cost education loans, which is any private education loan, as defined in section 140(a)(8) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1650(a)(8)) (including a loan under a state or local education loan program), originated by the bank for a student at an “institution of higher education,” as that term is generally defined in sections 101 and 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 and 1002) and the implementing regulations published by the U.S. Department of Education, with interest rates and fees no greater than those of comparable education loans offered directly by the U.S. Department of Education. Such rates and fees are specified in section 455 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087e).

    CRA desert means an area that the OCC has confirmed to be a CRA desert under §25.06 because it has significant unmet community development or retail lending needs and where:

    (1) Few banks have branches or non-branch deposit-taking facilities;

    (2) There is less retail or community development lending than would be expected based on demographic or other factors; or

    (3) The area lacks community development organizations or infrastructure.

    CRA-eligible business means a business that has gross annual revenues of no greater than $1.6 million. The OCC will adjust the $1.6 million threshold for inflation every five years, and the adjustment to the threshold will be made publicly available.

    CRA-eligible farm means a farm with gross annual revenues of no greater than $1.6 million. The OCC will adjust the $1.6 million threshold for inflation every five years, and the adjustment to the threshold will be made publicly available.

    Distressed area means a middle-income census tract identified by the OCC that meets one or more of the following conditions:

    (1) An unemployment rate of at least 1.5 times the national average;

    (2) A poverty rate of 20 percent or more; or

    (3) A population loss of 10 percent or more between the previous and most recent decennial census or a net migration loss of five percent or more over the five-year period preceding the most recent census.

    Essential community facility means a public facility, including, but not limited to, a school, library, park, hospital or health care facility, and public safety facility.

    Essential infrastructure means:

    (1) Public infrastructure, including, but not limited to, public roads, bridges, tunnels; and

    (2) Essential telecommunications infrastructure, mass transit, water supply and distribution, utilities supply and distribution, sewage treatment and collection, and industrial parks.

    Family farm has the same meaning as the term is given by the Farm Service Agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 7 CFR 761.2(b) as of the effective date of this rule.

    Financing means permissible equity or debt facilities, such as loans, lines of credit, bonds, private funds, securities, or other permissible investments.

    Home mortgage loan means a loan reported on the Call Report, Schedule RC-C, Loans and Lease Financing Receivables, Part I, specifically:

    (1) Item 1.a.(1) 1-4 family residential construction loans;

    (2) Item 1.c Loans secured by 1-4 family residential properties (includes closed-end and open-end loans); or

    (3) Item 1.d Loans secured by multifamily (5 or more) residential properties.

    Income levels are:

    (1) Low-income, which means an individual income that is less than 50 percent of the area median income or a median family income that is less than 50 percent in a census tract.

    (2) Moderate-income, which means an individual income that is at least 50 percent and less than 80 percent of the area median income, or a median family income that is at least 50 percent and less than 80 percent in a census tract.

    (3) Middle-income, which means an individual income that is at least 80 percent and less than 120 percent of the area median income, or a median family income that is at least 80 percent and less than 120 percent in a census tract.

    (4) Upper-income, which means an individual income that is 120 percent or more of the area median income, or a median family income that is 120 percent or more in a census tract.

    Indian country means an area that is

    (1) Covered by 18 U.S.C. 1151; or

    (2) A Tribal Census Tract, an Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Area, a Tribal Designated Statistical Area, an Alaskan Native Village Statistical Area, or an American Indian Joint-Use Area, as those terms are defined by the Census Bureau.

    In-kind donation means a contribution of goods, commodities, or other non-monetary resources.

    Intermediate bank means a bank with assets that exceed the small bank asset size threshold provided in the small bank definition, as adjusted, and that had assets of $2.5 billion or less in four of the previous five calendar quarters; the dollar figures in this definition shall be adjusted annually and published by the OCC, based on the year-to-year change in the average of the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers, not seasonally adjusted, for each twelve-month period ending in November, with rounding to the nearest $100,000.

    Limited purpose bank means a bank that offers only a narrow product line (such as automobile loans) to a regional or broader market and for which a designation as a limited purpose bank is in effect, in accordance with §25.15(b).

    Major retail lending product line means a bank's retail lending product line that for the two years prior to the beginning of the evaluation period:

    (1) Composed at least 15 percent of the bank's dollar volume of total retail loan originations and was the first or second largest retail lending product line by dollar volume; and

    (2) At the bank's option, composed at least 15 percent of the bank's dollar volume of total retail loan originations.

    Low-income credit union has the same meaning as this term is given in 12 CFR 701.34.

    Metropolitan division has the same meaning as published in the Office of Management and Budget's Standards for Delineating Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas or successor publication thereof.

    Metropolitan statistical area has the same meaning as published in the Office of Management and Budget's Standards for Delineating Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas or successor publication thereof.

    Military bank means a bank whose business predominately consists of serving the needs of military personnel who serve or have served in the armed forces (including the U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corp., Air Force, and Coast Guard) or dependents of military personnel. A bank whose business predominantly consists of serving the needs of military personnel or their dependents means a bank whose most important customer group is military personnel or their dependents.

    Minority depository institution means a depository institution as defined in 12 U.S.C. 2907(b)(1).

    Monetary donation means a grant, monetary contribution, or monetary donation.

    Non-branch deposit-taking facility means a non-branch banking facility owned or operated by or operated exclusively for the bank and available to the general public, which is authorized to take deposits and is located in any state or territory of the United States of America.

    Nonmetropolitan area means any area that is not located in a metropolitan statistical area.

    Other tribal and native lands means State Designated Tribal Statistical Areas, as defined by the Census Bureau, and Hawaiian Home Lands.

    Partially means 50 percent or less of the dollar value of the activity or of the individuals or census tracts served by the activity.

    Primarily means:

    (1) Greater than 50 percent of the dollar value of the activity or of the individuals or census tracts served by the activity; or

    (2) The express, bona fide intent, purpose, or mandate of the activity as stated, for example in a prospectus, loan proposal, or community action plan.

    Qualifying activity means an activity that helps to meet the credit needs of a bank's entire community, including low- and moderate-income individuals and communities, in accordance with §25.04.

    Qualifying loan means a retail loan that meets the criteria in §25.04(b) or a community development loan that meets the criteria in §25.04(c).

    Retail domestic deposit means a “deposit” as defined in section 3(l) of the FDIA (12 U.S.C. 1813(l)) and held in the United States that is:

    (1) Reported on Schedule RC-E of the Call Report, as item 1 or item 3; or

    (2) A non-brokered “reciprocal deposit” as defined in 12 U.S.C. 1831(f)(i)(2)(E) for the institution sending the non-brokered “reciprocal deposit” but retail domestic deposit does not mean:

    (i) A deposit;

    (A) Obtained, directly or indirectly, from or through the mediation or assistance of a “deposit broker” as defined in section 29 of the FDIA (12 U.S.C. 1831f(g));

    (B) Originated from an affiliated or non-affiliated broker-dealer sweep transaction;

    (C) Held in a Health Savings Account established in accordance with 26 U.S.C. 223;

    (D) Held in a prepaid card account established in accordance with 12 CFR 1005.1 et seq.; or

    (ii) A non-brokered reciprocal deposit as defined in 12 U.S.C. 1831(f)(i)(2)(E) for the institution receiving a non-brokered “reciprocal deposit.”

    Retail lending product line means:

    (1) The home mortgage loan product line, which includes all home mortgage loans;

    (2) The small loan to a business product line, which includes all small loans to businesses;

    (3) The small loan to a farm product line, which includes all small loans to farms;

    (4) The other revolving credit plan product line, which includes all consumer other revolving credit plans;

    (5) An automobile loan product line, which includes all automobile loans; or

    (6) The other consumer loan product line, which includes all other consumer loans.

    Retail loan means a home mortgage loan, small loan to a business, small loan to a farm, or consumer loan.

    Small bank means a bank that had assets of $600 million or less in four of the previous five calendar quarters; the dollar figures in this definition shall be adjusted annually and published by the OCC, based on the year-to-year change in the average of the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers, not seasonally adjusted, for each twelve-month period ending in November, with rounding to the nearest $100,000.

    Small loan to a business means a loan reported on the Call Report, Schedule RC-C, Loans and Lease Financing Receivables, Part 1, Item 1.e, Secured by nonfarm nonresidential properties, or Item 4, Commercial and industrial loans, and of no greater than $1.6 million. The OCC will adjust the $1.6 million threshold for inflation every five years, and the adjustment to the threshold will be made publicly available.

    Small loan to a farm means a loan reported on the Call Report, Schedule RC-C, Loans and Lease Financing Receivables, Part 1, Item 1.b, Secured by farmland, or Item 3, Loans to finance agricultural production and other loans to farmers, and of no greater than $1.6 million. The OCC will adjust the $1.6 million threshold for inflation every five years, and the adjustment to the threshold will be made publicly available.

    Underserved area means a middle-income census tract:

    (1) Identified by the OCC as meeting the criteria for population size, density, and dispersion that indicate the area's population is sufficiently small, thin, and distant from a population center that the census tract is likely to have difficulty financing the fixed costs of meeting essential community needs. The OCC will use as the basis for these designations the “urban influence codes,” numbered “7,” “10,” “11,” and “12,” maintained by the Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture; or

    (2) Identified by the OCC as:

    (i) Not having a branch of any bank within:

    (A) 2 miles from the center of the census tract if it is an urban census tract, as defined by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council Census data;

    (B) 5 miles from the center of the census tract if it is a mixed census tract, as defined by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council Census data;

    (C) 10 miles from the center of the census tract if it is a rural census tract, as defined by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council Census data; or

    (D) 5 miles from the center of the census tract if the census tract is an island area, as defined by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council Census data; and

    (ii) Not having any branch within the census tract.

    Wholesale bank means a bank that is not in the business of extending home mortgage, small loans to businesses, small loans to farms, or consumer loans to retail customers, and for which a designation is in effect, in accordance with §25.15(b).

    Women's depository institution means a depository institution as defined in 12 U.S.C. 2907(b)(2).