2019-05400. Information Reporting for Certain Life Insurance Contract Transactions and Modifications to the Transfer for Valuable Consideration Rules  

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    AGENCY:

    Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury.

    ACTION:

    Notice of proposed rulemaking; notification of public hearing.

    SUMMARY:

    This document contains proposed regulations providing guidance on new information reporting obligations under section 6050Y related to reportable policy sales of life insurance contracts and payments of reportable death benefits. The proposed regulations also provide guidance on the amount of death benefits excluded from gross income under section 101 following a reportable policy sale. The proposed regulations affect parties involved in certain life insurance contract transactions, including reportable policy sales, transfers of life insurance contracts to foreign persons, and payments of reportable death benefits. This document invites comments and provides a notice of a public hearing on these proposed regulations.

    DATES:

    Written or electronic comments must be received by May 9, 2019. Requests to speak and outlines of topics to be discussed at the public hearing scheduled for June 5, 2019, at 10 a.m. must be received by May 9, 2019.

    ADDRESSES:

    Send submissions to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-103083-18), Room 5203, Internal Revenue Service, P.O. Box 7604, Ben Franklin Station, Washington, DC 20044. Submissions may be hand-delivered Monday through Friday between the hours of 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. to CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-103083-18), Courier's Desk, Internal Revenue Service, 1111 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20224, or sent electronically via the Federal eRulemaking Portal at www.regulations.gov (IRS REG-103083-18).

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    FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

    Concerning the proposed regulations, Kathryn M. Sneade, (202) 317-6995; concerning submissions of comments and requests to speak at the public hearing, Regina Johnson, (202) 317-6901 (not toll-free numbers).

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    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

    Paperwork Reduction Act

    The collection of information contained in this notice of proposed rulemaking has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget for review under OMB Control Numbers 1545-0119, 1545-1621, and 1545-2281 in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507(d)). In general, the collection of information in the proposed regulations is required under section 6050Y of the Internal Revenue Code (Code): (1) The requirement under § 1.6050Y-2 of the proposed regulations for an acquirer to report certain information about payments made in reportable policy sales is required under section 6050Y(a); (2) the requirement under § 1.6050Y-3 of the proposed regulations for an issuer to report certain information about transferors of life insurance contracts is required under section 6050Y(b); and (3) the requirement under § 1.6050Y-4 of the proposed regulations for a payor to report certain information about payments of reportable death benefits is required under section 6050Y(c). Section 1.6050Y-3(a)(3) of the proposed regulations would require the issuer to report to the seller and the IRS the amount the seller would have received if the seller had surrendered the life insurance contract on the date of the reportable policy sale. This information is necessary to allow the seller and the IRS to determine the character of all or a portion of the seller's taxable income from the sale of the life insurance contract (capital or ordinary). Sections 1.6050Y-3(f)(1) and 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) of the proposed regulations contain reporting exceptions for certain foreign beneficial owners. To determine qualification for these reporting exceptions, §§ 1.6050Y-3(f)(1) and 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) would require that certain foreign beneficial owners provide a Form W-8ECI, “Certificate of Foreign Person's Claim that Income is Effectively Connected with the Conduct of a Trade or Business in the United States,” to certain persons. This information is necessary to document whether the reporting exception in either § 1.6050Y-3(f)(1) or § 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) applies in a particular situation.

    The likely respondents to the collection of information are (1) Entities acquiring life insurance contracts in reportable policy sales; (2) life insurance companies; (3) life insurance companies and other entities making payments of reportable death benefits; and (4) entities receiving payments of reportable death benefits.

    The burden for the collection of information contained in § 1.6050Y-2 of the proposed regulations will be reflected in the burden on the form that the IRS created to request the information in section 6050Y(a) and § 1.6050Y-2 of the proposed regulations (Form 1099-LS, “Reportable Life Insurance Sale”). The burden for the collection of information contained in § 1.6050Y-3 of the proposed regulations will be reflected in the burden on the form that the IRS created to request the information in section 6050Y(b) and § 1.6050Y-3 of the proposed regulations (Form 1099-SB, “Seller's Investment in Life Insurance Contract”). The OMB Control Number for both of these forms is 1545-2281. The burden for the collection of information contained in § 1.6050Y-4 of the proposed regulations will be reflected in the burden on the Form 1099-R, “Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc.” (OMB Control Number 1545-0119). The burden for the collection of information contained in §§ 1.6050Y-3(f)(1) and 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) of the proposed regulations will be reflected in the burden on the Form W-8ECI (OMB Control Number 1545-1621), when the burden is revised to reflect the additional collection of information in §§ 1.6050Y-3(f)(1) and 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) of the proposed regulations.

    Comments on the collection of information should be sent to the Office of Management and Budget, Attn: Desk Officer for the Department of the Treasury, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Washington, DC 20503, with copies to the Internal Revenue Service, Attn: IRS Reports Clearance Officer, SE:CAR:MP:T:T:SP, Washington, DC 20224. Comments on Start Printed Page 11010the collection of information should be received by May 24, 2019.

    Comments are specifically requested concerning:

    Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the IRS, including whether the information will have practical utility;

    The accuracy of the estimated burden associated with the proposed collection of information;

    How the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected may be enhanced;

    How the burden of complying with the proposed collection of information may be minimized, including through the application of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology; and

    Estimates of capital or start-up costs and costs of operation, maintenance, and purchase of services to provide information.

    An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a valid control number assigned by the Office of Management and Budget.

    Background

    This document contains proposed amendments to 26 CFR part 1 under sections 101 and 6050Y of the Code (proposed regulations). The proposed regulations implement recent legislative changes to sections 101 and 6050Y by sections 13520 and 13522 of “[a]n Act to provide for reconciliation pursuant to titles II and V of the concurrent resolution on the budget for fiscal year 2018,” Public Law 115-97, 131 Stat. 2054, 2149 (Act). The proposed regulations under section 101 amend final regulations under section 101 published in the Federal Register on November 26, 1960 (25 FR 11402), as subsequently amended on December 24, 1964 (29 FR 18356), September 27, 1982 (47 FR 42337), and July 26, 2007 (72 FR 41159) (existing regulations).

    Section 13520 of the Act added section 6050Y to chapter 61 (Information and Returns) of subtitle A of the Code (chapter 61). Section 6050Y imposes information reporting obligations related to certain life insurance contract transactions, including reportable policy sales and payments of reportable death benefits. Section 6050Y provides that each of the returns required by section 6050Y is to be made “at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe.” The proposed regulations under section 6050Y implement section 6050Y. The proposed regulations specify the manner in which and time at which the information reporting obligations must be satisfied. The proposed regulations also provide definitions and rules that govern the application of the information reporting obligations.

    Section 13522 of the Act amended section 101. New section 101(a)(3) defines the term “reportable policy sale” and provides rules for determining the amount of death benefits excluded from gross income following a reportable policy sale. The proposed regulations under section 101 provide definitions applicable under sections 101 and 6050Y and guidance for determining the amount of death benefits excluded from gross income following a reportable policy sale.

    Notice 2018-41, 2018-20 I.R.B. 584, described sections 13520 and 13522 of the Act and the regulations the Department of the Treasury (Treasury Department) and the IRS expected to propose under sections 101 and 6050Y. The Treasury Department and the IRS received comments in response to the notice and considered these comments in developing these proposed regulations.

    Explanation of Provisions

    Section 6050Y imposes information reporting obligations related to reportable policy sales of life insurance contracts and payments of reportable death benefits. Section 1.6050Y-1 of the proposed regulations contains definitional provisions. Sections 1.6050Y-2, 1.6050Y-3, and 1.6050Y-4 of the proposed regulations provide guidance on the reporting obligations imposed by section 6050Y(a), (b), and (c), respectively.

    1. Section 1.6050Y-1: Definitions

    The definitions set forth in § 1.6050Y-1 of the proposed regulations apply for purposes of §§ 1.6050Y-1 through -4 of the proposed regulations.

    Under the proposed regulations, “life insurance contract,” also referred to as a life insurance policy, is defined by reference to section 7702(a). See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(9) of the proposed regulations. “Interest in a life insurance contract,” “transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract,” “direct acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract,” “indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract,” and “reportable policy sale” are defined by reference to the proposed regulations under section 101. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(3), (5), (6), (14), and (19) of the proposed regulations. “Foreign person” means a person that is not a “United States person,” as defined in section 7701(a)(30). See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(4) of the proposed regulations.

    Section 6050Y(a) requires any person that acquires a life insurance contract or any interest in a life insurance contract in a reportable policy sale during any taxable year to report certain information regarding the transaction, including information about each recipient of payment in the reportable policy sale. Under the proposed regulations, “acquirer” means any person that, directly or indirectly, acquires an interest in a life insurance contract in a reportable policy sale. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(1) of the proposed regulations.

    Section 6050Y(d)(1) defines “payment,” with respect to any reportable policy sale, to mean the amount of cash and the fair market value of any other consideration transferred in the sale. Under the proposed regulations, “reportable policy sale payment” means the total amount of cash and the fair market value of any other consideration transferred, or to be transferred, in a reportable policy sale, including any amount of a reportable policy sale payment recipient's debt assumed by the acquirer in a reportable policy sale. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(15) of the proposed regulations. An interest in a life insurance contract may be acquired directly, from the direct holder of the interest, or indirectly, through the acquisition of an ownership interest in an entity that holds an interest in a life insurance contract. See §§ 1.101-1(e)(3)(i) and (ii) and 1.6050Y-1(a)(3) and (5) of the proposed regulations. In the case of an indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract that is a reportable policy sale, the reportable policy sale payment is the amount of cash and the fair market value of any other consideration transferred for the ownership interest in the entity that is appropriately allocable to the interest in the life insurance contract held by the entity. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(15) of the proposed regulations. The proposed regulations require the acquirer to report the aggregate amount of reportable policy sale payments made, or to be made, with respect to a reportable policy sale. See § 1.6050Y-2(a)(5) of the proposed regulations. Accordingly, when an acquirer makes payments in installments in more than one year, the acquirer reports the total amount of all payments in the year of the policy sale.

    “Reportable policy sale payment recipient” means any person that receives a reportable policy sale payment in a reportable policy sale. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(16) of the proposed regulations. The seller in a reportable policy sale is a reportable policy sale Start Printed Page 11011payment recipient if the seller receives a reportable policy sale payment. A broker or other intermediary that retains a portion of the cash or other consideration transferred in a reportable policy sale is also a reportable policy sale payment recipient. Id. The aggregate amount of all reportable policy sale payments made with respect to a reportable policy sale must be reported under section 6050Y(a). The objective of the proposed regulations is for the acquirer to report the net payment, if any, made to each person involved in a reportable policy sale. Accordingly, if the acquirer transfers cash or other consideration to a broker in a reportable policy sale, the broker is a reportable policy sale payment recipient, and the reportable policy sale payment made to the broker is the amount of cash and the fair market value of any other consideration retained by the broker. The reportable policy sale payment made to the seller would be the amount of cash and fair market value of any other consideration transferred to the seller, including any amount of the seller's debt assumed by the acquirer in a reportable policy sale, and it would not include the amount of the reportable policy sale payment made to the broker.

    Comments received on Notice 2018-41 suggested that the amount of the payment to a seller in a reportable policy sale that should be reported under section 6050Y(a) should be the amount actually paid to the seller. These comments were taken into consideration in developing the definition of “reportable policy sale payment recipient” in the proposed regulations, as well as the reporting requirements in the proposed regulations, which require the acquirer in a reportable policy sale to report, with respect to each reportable policy sale payment recipient, the aggregate amount of reportable policy sale payments made to that person. See § 1.6050Y-2(a)(5) of the proposed regulations.

    Comments received on Notice 2018-41 suggested that no reporting should be required for payments of ancillary costs and expenses in a reportable policy sale, including broker fees, securities intermediary fees, and other fees and expenses. Comments noted that the person paying these expenses is normally paying them in connection with the conduct of a trade or business, and is therefore required to report these amounts to payees in accordance with applicable rules. The proposed regulations require the acquirer in a reportable policy sale to report all reportable policy sale payments made with respect to the reportable policy sale, meaning all amounts of cash and the fair market value of any other consideration transferred in the reportable policy sale, including any amount of a reportable policy sale payment recipient's debt assumed by the acquirer in a reportable policy sale. The Treasury Department and the IRS are considering whether reportable policy sale payments should be defined to exclude payments of any ancillary costs and expenses and request comments regarding the types of payments made by acquirers in reportable policy sales, the recipients of those payments, and existing reporting requirements applicable to those payments.

    Section 6050Y(b) requires issuers of life insurance contracts receiving a written statement furnished by an acquirer under section 6050Y(a) and § 1.6050Y-2 of the proposed regulations (a “reportable policy sale statement” or “RPSS,” under § 1.6050Y-1(a)(17) of the proposed regulations) or notice of a transfer to a foreign person to report certain information regarding sellers. Under the proposed regulations, “seller” means any person that holds an interest in a life insurance contract and transfers that interest, or any part of that interest, to an acquirer in a reportable policy sale or any person that owns a life insurance contract and transfers title to, possession of, or legal ownership of that life insurance contract to a foreign person. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(18) of the proposed regulations. “Notice of a transfer to a foreign person” means any notice of a transfer of a life insurance contract (i.e., a transfer of title to, possession of, or legal ownership of the life insurance contract) received by a 6050Y(b) issuer (as that term is defined in § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(iii)(B) of the proposed regulations). See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(10) of the proposed regulations. Notice of a transfer to a foreign person includes information provided for nontax purposes such as a change of address notice for purposes of sending statements or for other purposes, and information relating to loans, premiums, or death benefits with respect to the contract, unless the 6050Y(b) issuer knows that no transfer of the life insurance contract has occurred or knows the transferee is a United States person. Id. For this purpose, a 6050Y(b) issuer may rely on a Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, or a valid substitute form, that meets the requirements of § 1.1441-1(d)(2) (substituting “6050Y(b) issuer” for “withholding agent”), that indicates the transferee is a United States person.

    The definition of “issuer” under the proposed regulations depends on the context in which the term is used. In general, the term “issuer” means, on any date, with respect to any interest in a life insurance contract, any person that bears any part of the risk with respect to the life insurance contract on that date and any person responsible on that date for administering the contract, including collecting premiums and paying death benefits. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(i) of the proposed regulations. For instance, if a reinsurer reinsures on an indemnity basis all or a portion of the risks that the original issuer (and continuing contract administrator) might otherwise have incurred with respect to a life insurance contract, both the reinsurer and the original issuer of the contract are issuers of the life insurance contract. Id.

    Additionally, any designee of an issuer for purposes of section 6050Y reporting purposes is generally also considered an issuer. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(i) of the proposed regulations. Under § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(iv) of the proposed regulations, a person is the designee of an issuer for purposes of section 6050Y reporting under § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8) only if so designated in writing, including electronically. The designation must be signed and acknowledged, in writing or electronically, by the person named as designee, or that person's representative, and by the issuer making the designation, or a representative of that issuer.

    For purposes of information reporting by the acquirer under section 6050Y(a) and § 1.6050Y-2 of the proposed regulations, the “6050Y(a) issuer” is the issuer that is responsible for administering the life insurance contract, including collecting premiums and paying death benefits under the contract, on the date of the reportable policy sale. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(ii) of the proposed regulations.

    For purposes of information reporting by the issuer under section 6050Y(b) and § 1.6050Y-3 of the proposed regulations, the definition of “6050Y(b) issuer” depends on whether the reporting obligation results from a reportable policy sale and the receipt of a RPSS, or by a transfer to a foreign person and the receipt of notice of a transfer to a foreign person. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(iii)(A) of the proposed regulations (applicable to reportable policy sales) and § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(iii)(B) of the proposed regulations (applicable to transfers to foreign persons).

    With respect to a life insurance contract, or an interest therein, that is Start Printed Page 11012transferred in a reportable policy sale, the 6050Y(b) issuer is any person that (1) Receives a RPSS with respect to the life insurance contract or interest therein (or, in the case of a designee, receives notice that the issuer for whom it serves as designee received a RPSS), and (2) is or was, on or before the date of receipt of the RPSS, an issuer (as defined in § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(i) of the proposed regulations) with respect to the life insurance contract. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(iii)(A) of the proposed regulations. More than one person may meet this definition, but a 6050Y(b) issuer's reporting obligation is deemed satisfied if the information required by section 6050Y(b) and § 1.6050Y-3 is timely reported by any other 6050Y(b) issuer. See § 1.6050Y-3(b) of the proposed regulations.

    With respect to a life insurance contract transferred to a foreign person, the 6050Y(b) issuer generally is any person that (1) Receives notice of the transfer of the life insurance contract to a foreign person, and (2) is or was, on the date of transfer or on the date of receipt of the notice, an issuer (as defined in § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(i) of the proposed regulations), with respect to the life insurance contract. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(iii)(B) of the proposed regulations. However, a person is not a 6050Y(b) issuer under § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(iii)(B) of the proposed regulations if (1) That person (or, in the case of a designee, the issuer for whom it serves as designee) is not responsible for administering the life insurance contract, including collecting premiums and paying death benefits under the contract, on the date the notice of a transfer to a foreign person of a life insurance contract is received, and (2) that person, or its designee, provides the 6050Y(b) issuer that is responsible for administering the life insurance contract, including collecting premiums and paying death benefits under the contract, on that date with such notice and any available information necessary to accomplish reporting under section 6050Y(b) and § 1.6050Y-3 of the proposed regulations. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(8)(iii)(B) of the proposed regulations.

    Section 6050Y(c) imposes reporting requirements on any person that makes a payment of reportable death benefits during any taxable year. Section 6050Y(d)(4) defines the term “reportable death benefits” to mean amounts paid by reason of the death of the insured under a life insurance contract that has been transferred in a reportable policy sale. The proposed regulations clarify that the amounts must be attributable to an interest in the life insurance contract that was transferred in a reportable policy sale. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(12) of the proposed regulations. For instance, if the original policyholder of a life insurance contract transfers a 50 percent interest in the life insurance contract in a reportable policy sale, amounts paid by reason of the death of the insured that are attributable to the 50 percent interest retained by the original policyholder are not reportable death benefits.

    The proposed regulations define “payor” to mean any person making a payment of reportable death benefits and “reportable death benefits payment recipient” to mean any person that receives reportable death benefits as a beneficiary under the life insurance contract or as the holder of an interest in the life insurance contract. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(11) and (13) of the proposed regulations. Comments received on Notice 2018-41 suggested that “payor” be defined the same as “issuer” for purposes of section 6050Y. The proposed regulations do not adopt this suggestion, but comments are requested as to whether payor should be so narrowly defined, or should also include any holder of an interest in a life insurance contract that receives reportable death benefits attributable to that interest and is contractually obligated to pay part or all of the proceeds to the beneficial owner of the interest. Comments are also requested as to whether, for purposes of reporting under section 6050Y(c), reportable death benefits payment recipients should include, in addition to any person that receives reportable death benefits as a beneficiary under the life insurance contract, any person that receives reportable death benefits as the holder of an interest in the life insurance contract.

    Section 6050Y(b) and § 1.6050Y-3 of the proposed regulations require issuers to report the seller's investment in the contract to the seller, and section 6050Y(c) and § 1.6050Y-4 of the proposed regulations require payors to report the payor's estimate of the buyer's investment in the contract to the reportable death benefits payment recipient. The “buyer,” with respect to any interest in a life insurance contract that has been transferred in a reportable policy sale, is the person that was the most recent acquirer of that interest in a reportable policy sale as of the date reportable death benefits are paid under the contract. See § 1.6050Y-1(a)(2) of the proposed regulations.

    Under the proposed regulations, the meaning of “investment in the contract” depends on whose investment in the contract is being determined. With respect to the original policyholder of a life insurance contract, § 1.6050Y-1(a)(7)(i) of the proposed regulations provides that “investment in the contract” has the same meaning as under section 72(e)(6). With respect to the original policyholder, the issuer will have all of the information required to determine that amount.

    With respect to anyone other than the original policyholder, the issuer or payor may lack information required to determine the seller's or buyer's investment in the contract as defined in section 72(e)(6), such as the aggregate amount of consideration paid for the contract and the extent to which amounts received under the contract were excludable from gross income. In this context, § 1.6050Y-1(a)(7)(i) of the proposed regulations provides that “investment in the contract” has the same meaning as “estimate of investment in the contract.” Section 1.6050Y-1(a)(7)(ii) of the proposed regulations defines “estimate of investment in the contract” with respect to any person other than the original policyholder to mean, on any date, the aggregate amount of premiums paid for the contract by that person before that date, less the aggregate amount received under the contract by that person before that date to the extent such information is known to or can reasonably be estimated by the issuer or payor.

    2. Section 1.6050Y-2: Reporting of Payments by Acquirer in a Reportable Policy Sale

    Section 6050Y(a) requires reporting of payments made by an acquirer in a reportable policy sale. Section 1.6050Y-2(a) of the proposed regulations sets forth the requirement of information reporting applicable to acquirers in reportable policy sales under section 6050Y(a)(1) and describes the information that must be reported.

    The proposed regulations allow for unified reporting by the acquirers in a series of prearranged transfers of any interest in a life insurance contract. See § 1.6050Y-2(b) and (d)(3) of the proposed regulations. A series of prearranged transfers of an interest in a life insurance contract may include transfers in which one or more persons serve as intermediaries. Such intermediaries may acquire title or possession of an interest in a life insurance contract for state law purposes as nominee on behalf of another person or persons. Comments received on Notice 2018-41 suggested that a rule allowing unified reporting be adopted with respect to acquirers in a series of prearranged transfers, and these comments were taken into Start Printed Page 11013consideration in developing the rules in the proposed regulations.

    Section 1.6050Y-2(c) of the proposed regulations sets forth the time and place for filing returns required under section 6050Y(a)(1).

    Section 1.6050Y-2(d) of the proposed regulations sets forth the requirement under section 6050Y(a)(2) for the acquirer in a reportable policy sale to furnish a written statement to certain persons with respect to whom information is required on the return required by section 6050Y(a)(1). These persons are the recipients of payments in reportable policy sales (reportable policy sale payment recipients) and the 6050Y(a) issuers.

    A written statement provided to a reportable policy sale payment recipient is not required to include information with respect to any other reportable policy sale payment recipient in the reportable policy sale. See § 1.6050Y-2(d)(1)(i) of the proposed regulations. For instance, the statement is not required to provide information about reportable policy sale payments to any other reportable policy sale payment recipient. Id. The contact information of the person furnishing the written statement must provide direct access to a person that can answer questions about the statement. Id. Reportable policy sale payment recipients may use the information in the written statements furnished by acquirers to determine their taxable income. To facilitate proper tax reporting, the proposed regulations provide that an acquirer must furnish any written statement required to be provided to a reportable policy sale payment recipient no later than February 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurs. See § 1.6050Y-2(d)(1)(ii) of the proposed regulations. The proposed regulations adopt this deadline because a person may be both a reportable policy sale payment recipient and a seller with respect to a reportable policy sale, and this deadline for an acquirer to furnish a written statement to a reportable policy sale payment recipient coordinates with the deadline in § 1.6050Y-3(d)(2) of the proposed regulations for a 6050Y(b) issuer that receives a RPSS to furnish a written statement to a seller.

    Generally, a 6050Y(a) issuer that receives a RPSS from an acquirer becomes a 6050Y(b) issuer subject to reporting obligations under section 6050Y(b), including the obligation under section 6050Y(b)(2) to furnish a written statement to the seller in a reportable policy sale. Because 6050Y(b) issuers' reporting obligation is with respect to sellers, the proposed regulations provide that acquirers must furnish the 6050Y(a) issuer with a RPSS with respect to each reportable policy sale payment recipient that is also a seller. See § 1.6050Y-2(d)(2)(i)(A) of the proposed regulations. However, an acquirer acquiring an interest in a life insurance contract in an indirect acquisition is not required to furnish a RPSS to the 6050Y(a) issuer. See § 1.6050Y-2(d)(2)(i)(B) of the proposed regulations. As provided in section 6050Y(a)(2)(B), the proposed regulations provide that acquirers are not required to set forth the amount of any reportable policy sale payment in a RPSS furnished to a 6050Y(a) issuer. See § 1.6050Y-2(d)(2)(i)(A) of the proposed regulations. Sellers may need the information in the written statements furnished by 6050Y(b) issuers that have received a RPSS to determine their taxable income. To facilitate proper tax reporting, the proposed regulations therefore provide that an acquirer must furnish a RPSS to the 6050Y(a) issuer by the later of (1) 20 days after the reportable policy sale, or (2) 5 days after the end of the applicable state law rescission period. See § 1.6050Y-2(d)(2)(ii) of the proposed regulations. However, if the later date is after January 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurred, the RPSS must be furnished by January 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurred. Id. Section 1.6050Y-3(d)(2) of the proposed regulations generally requires that the 6050Y(b) issuer furnish any written statement required by section 6050Y(b)(2) to the seller no later than February 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurs.

    Section 1.6050Y-2(e) of the proposed regulations requires the acquirer to correct returns filed under section 6050Y(a)(1) and written statements furnished under section 6050Y(a)(2) within 15 days of the acquirer's receipt of notice of the rescission of the related reportable policy sale.

    Section 1.6050Y-2(f) of the proposed regulations sets forth exceptions to reporting under section 6050Y(a) that may apply to an acquirer that is a foreign person. These exceptions are described in section 5 of this Explanation of Provisions.

    Section 1.6050Y-2(g) of the proposed regulations describes the penalty provisions applicable when a person is required under section 6050Y(a) to file an information return, or furnish a written statement, but fails to do so on or before the prescribed date, fails to include all of the information required to be shown, or includes incorrect information.

    3. Section 1.6050Y-3: Reporting of Transferor's Investment in the Contract by 6050Y(b) Issuer (Reportable Policy Sale or Transfer to a Foreign Person)

    Section 6050Y(b) requires the issuer to report certain information to the seller, including the seller's investment in the contract. Section 1.6050Y-3(a) of the proposed regulations sets forth the information reporting requirement applicable to 6050Y(b) issuers under section 6050Y(b)(1). In addition to the specific information required to be reported under section 6050Y(b)(1), Notice 2018-41 indicated that the proposed regulations would require the issuer to report the amount that would have been received by the policyholder upon surrender of the contract. A comment received on Notice 2018-41 suggested that an issuer should not be required to report this amount because the information may be provided directly by the issuer to the seller upon request.

    A purpose of section 6050Y is to provide the seller in a reportable policy sale and the IRS with the information needed to determine the seller's taxable income from the sale. In the case of a sale of a cash value life insurance contract, the gain is ordinary income to the extent of the amount that would be recognized as ordinary income if the contract were surrendered, and any excess is capital gain. See Rev. Rul. 2009-13, 2009-21 I.R.B. 1029. To ensure that the seller and the IRS have the relevant information needed to calculate the seller's gain from the sale, including the amount of any capital or ordinary gain, the proposed regulations do not adopt the suggestion and would require the 6050Y(b) issuer to report to the seller and the IRS the amount that would have been received by the policyholder upon surrender of the contract. The Treasury Department and the IRS have determined that requiring the reporting of this information is authorized under section 6050Y(b)(1), as well as under sections 6011(a) and 7805.

    Section 1.6050Y-3(b) of the proposed regulations provides that a 6050Y(b) issuer's reporting obligation under section 6050Y(b) and § 1.6050Y-3(a) is deemed satisfied if the information required by section 6050Y(b) and § 1.6050Y-3 is timely reported by any other 6050Y(b) issuer or a third party information reporting contractor.

    Section 1.6050Y-3(c) of the proposed regulations sets forth the time and place for filing returns required under section 6050Y(b)(1).Start Printed Page 11014

    Section 1.6050Y-3(d)(1) of the proposed regulations sets forth the requirement under section 6050Y(b)(2) to furnish statements to certain persons with respect to whom information is required on the return required by section 6050Y(b)(1). These persons are the sellers that (1) Transfer interests in life insurance contracts in reportable policy sales and are reportable policy sale payment recipients, or (2) transfer life insurance contracts to foreign persons. The sellers may use the information in the written statements furnished under section 6050Y(b)(2) to determine their taxable income.

    To facilitate proper tax reporting, § 1.6050Y-2(d)(2)(ii) of the proposed regulations requires acquirers to furnish a RPSS to the 6050Y(a) issuer by January 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurred, if not earlier, and § 1.6050Y-3(d)(2) of the proposed regulations provides that a 6050Y(b) issuer generally must furnish any written statement required to be provided to a seller no later than February 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale or transfer to a foreign person occurs. Comments received on Notice 2018-41 suggested that issuers be required to furnish written statements required by section 6050Y(b)(2) to the seller no later than February 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurs, noting that this is currently the due date for section 6045 broker returns and consolidated statements, and brokers also rely on third party information (e.g., dividend reclassifications). The Treasury Department and the IRS propose to adopt this suggestion. See § 1.6050Y-3(d)(2) of the proposed regulations. Section 1.6050Y-3(d)(3) of the proposed regulations provides that a 6050Y(b) issuer's reporting obligation is deemed satisfied if the information required by § 1.6050Y-3(d)(1) of the proposed regulations with respect to that 6050Y(b) issuer is timely reported on behalf of that 6050Y(b) issuer consistent with forms, instructions, and other IRS guidance by one or more other 6050Y(b) issuers or by a third party information reporting contractor.

    Section 1.6050Y-3(e) of the proposed regulations requires the 6050Y(b) issuer to correct returns filed under section 6050Y(b)(1) and written statements furnished under section 6050Y(b)(2) within 15 days of the 6050Y(b) issuer's receipt of notice of the rescission of the related reportable policy sale or transfer to a foreign person.

    Section 1.6050Y-3(f) of the proposed regulations sets forth exceptions to reporting under section 6050Y(b) that may apply to 6050Y(b) issuers. These exceptions are described in section 5 of this Explanation of Provisions.

    Section 1.6050Y-3(g) of the proposed regulations describes the penalty provisions applicable when a person is required under section 6050Y(b) to file an information return, or furnish a written statement, but fails to do so on or before the prescribed date, fails to include all of the information required to be shown, or includes incorrect information.

    4. Section 1.6050Y-4: Reporting of Reportable Death Benefits by Payor

    Section 6050Y(c) requires payors to report payments of reportable death benefits. Section 1.6050Y-4(a) of the proposed regulations sets forth the requirement of information reporting applicable to payors under section 6050Y(c)(1).

    Section 1.6050Y-4(b) of the proposed regulations sets forth the time and place for filing returns required under section 6050Y(c)(1).

    Section 1.6050Y-4(c)(1) of the proposed regulations sets forth the requirement under section 6050Y(c)(2) to furnish statements to persons with respect to whom information is required on the return required by section 6050Y(c)(1). These persons are the recipients of reportable death benefits (reportable death benefits payment recipients). The reportable death benefits payment recipients may use the information in the written statements furnished under section 6050Y(c)(2) to determine their taxable income. To facilitate proper tax reporting, § 1.6050Y-4(c)(2) of the proposed regulations provides that a payor must furnish any written statement required to be provided to a reportable death benefits payment recipient no later than January 31 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurs. The proposed regulations use January 31 because it is generally the deadline for furnishing copies of Form 1099-R to recipients.

    Section 1.6050Y-4(d) of the proposed regulations requires the payor to correct returns filed under section 6050Y(c)(1) and written statements furnished under section 6050Y(c)(2) within 15 days of the payor's receipt of notice of the rescission of the related reportable policy sale.

    Section 1.6050Y-4(e) of the proposed regulations sets forth exceptions to reporting under section 6050Y(c) that may apply to payors. These exceptions are described in the next section of this Explanation of Provisions.

    Section 1.6050Y-4(f) of the proposed regulations describes the penalty provisions applicable when a person is required under section 6050Y(c) to file an information return, or furnish a written statement, but fails to do so on or before the prescribed date, fails to include all of the information required to be shown, or includes incorrect information.

    5. Exceptions To Reporting Under Section 6050Y

    The proposed regulations include certain exceptions to the reporting requirements otherwise imposed on acquirers, 6050Y(b) issuers, and payors under §§ 1.6050Y-2, -3, and -4 of the proposed regulations, respectively. These exceptions to reporting are similar in their intended purposes to exceptions included in regulations issued under other sections in chapter 61 that except reporting by certain payors and brokers (as applicable based on the section) with respect to a transaction occurring outside the United States when no nexus of the transaction to the United States is identified (under criteria specified in each of the regulations). For example, § 1.6045-1 generally requires brokers to report the proceeds of certain sales (such as sales of securities) on a Form 1099-B, Proceeds from Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions, but includes an exception to the term “broker” that applies to most non-U.S. securities brokers for sales that are effected outside of the United States within the meaning provided in those regulations. See § 1.6045-1(a) and (g)(3)(iii). Reporting of payments under several of the sections in chapter 61 is also excepted when a payor or broker is permitted to treat the person receiving the payments as a foreign person. For certain of those excepted payments, withholding and reporting requirements may instead apply under chapter 3 of subtitle A of the Code.

    Sections 1.6050Y-2(f) and 1.6050Y-3(f)(2) of the proposed regulations describe exceptions to the reporting otherwise required of an acquirer and 6050Y(b) issuer under section 6050Y(a) or (b), respectively, for cases in which the Treasury Department and the IRS are of the view that a nexus of the sale or life insurance contract to the United States is insufficient for applying the reporting provisions of those sections.

    Sections 1.6050Y-3(f)(1) and 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) of the proposed regulations provide that reporting under section 6050Y(b) or (c) is not required by 6050Y(b) issuers and payors with Start Printed Page 11015respect to sellers or reportable death benefits payment recipients, respectively, documented as foreign beneficial owners under the requirements of the regulations under section 1441. The proposed regulations include, however, two modifications to those requirements. First, §§ 1.6050Y-3(f)(1) and 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) of the proposed regulations permit a 6050Y(b) issuer or payor to treat a partnership or trust as a foreign beneficial owner provided that the 6050Y(b) issuer or payor obtains a written certification from the partnership or trust that no beneficial owner (within the meaning of § 1.1441-1(c)(6)(ii)) of any portion of the sales proceeds or reportable death benefits payment (as applicable based on the section) received by the partnership or trust is a United States person, as well as documentation establishing the partnership's or trust's foreign status. The treatment described in the preceding sentence does not apply, however, when the issuer or payor has actual knowledge that a United States person is a beneficial owner of all or a portion of the sale proceeds or reportable death benefit payment. Second, § 1.6050Y-3(f)(1) of the proposed regulations provides that this exception does not apply to a foreign beneficial owner for which the sale of the insurance contract (or interest therein) results in a requirement to report any of the income from the sale as effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business. To address those cases, the proposed regulations provide that a seller required to report any of the income from the sale of an insurance contract (or interest therein) as effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States under section 864(b) must provide to the 6050Y(b) issuer a Form W-8ECI, Certificate of Foreign Person's Claim that Income is Effectively Connected with the Conduct of a Trade or Business in the United States. The proposed regulations do not permit a 6050Y(b) issuer to apply the exception when it receives a Form W-8ECI from a seller or has reason to know that the seller is required to report any of the sale proceeds as income effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business. Similar provisions apply with respect to foreign beneficial owners of reportable death benefits under § 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) of the proposed regulations. However, in response to comments received on Notice 2018-41, the Treasury Department and the IRS are considering whether payors required under section 6050Y(c) and § 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) of the proposed regulations to report payments of reportable death benefits that are income effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business may satisfy their reporting obligation under section 6050Y(c) by filing a Form 1042-S, Foreign Person's U.S. Source Income Subject to Withholding, or if such payors may be relieved from the obligation to report some of the information required to be reported under section 6050Y(c).

    Section 1.6050Y-4(e)(2) of the proposed regulations also includes a reporting exception for death benefits paid under an insurance contract (or interest therein) held by a buyer that obtained the contract or interest in a reportable policy sale that was within an exception to reporting described in § 1.6050Y-3(f)(2) of the proposed regulations. The exception to reporting described in § 1.6050Y-3(f)(2) of the proposed regulations applies in those cases in which a 6050Y(b) issuer received only a notice of transfer to a foreign person and, because the requirements set forth in § 1.6050Y-3(f)(2)(i) through (iii) of the proposed regulations were met, was not required to treat the transfer as reportable for purposes of section 6050Y(b).

    6. Section 1.101-1: Exclusion From Gross Income of Proceeds of Life Insurance Contracts Payable by Reason of Death

    Generally, amounts received under a life insurance contract that are paid by reason of the death of the insured are excluded from federal income tax under section 101(a)(1). However, if a life insurance contract is sold or otherwise transferred for valuable consideration, the “transfer for value rule” set forth in section 101(a)(2) limits the excludable portion of the amount paid by reason of the death of the insured. Section 101(a)(2) provides that the excludable amount following a transfer for valuable consideration generally may not exceed the sum of (1) The actual value of the consideration paid by the transferee to acquire the life insurance contract and (2) the premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee. Section 101(a)(2) provides two exceptions to this transfer for value rule. Specifically, the limitation set forth in section 101(a)(2) does not apply if (1) The transferee's basis in the contract is determined in whole or in part by reference to the transferor's basis in the contract or (2) the transfer is to the insured, to a partner of the insured, to a partnership in which the insured is a partner, or to a corporation in which the insured is a shareholder or officer.

    Section 13522 of the Act added section 101(a)(3) to the Code. Section 101(a)(3)(A) provides that these two exceptions shall not apply in the case of a transfer of a life insurance contract, or any interest therein, that is a reportable policy sale. Section 101(a)(3)(B) defines the term “reportable policy sale” to mean the acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract, directly or indirectly, if the acquirer has no substantial family, business, or financial relationship with the insured apart from the acquirer's interest in such life insurance contract. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term “indirectly” applies to the acquisition of an interest in a partnership, trust, or other entity that holds an interest in the life insurance contract.

    The proposed regulations update § 1.101-1(a)(1) of the existing regulations to reflect the repeal of section 101(b) (treatment of employees' death benefits) in 1996, and the addition of section 7702 (definition of life insurance contract) in 1984, section 101(j) (treatment of certain employer-owned life insurance contracts) in 2006, and section 101(a)(3) (exception to valuable consideration rules for reportable policy sales) in 2017. The proposed regulations remove the second and third sentences of § 1.101-1(a)(1) of the existing regulations and add a sentence at the end of § 1.101-1(a)(1) to address the earlier changes in law. To address the changes in law made by the Act, the proposed regulations under section 101 provide updated rules for determining the amount of death benefits excluded from gross income following a transfer for value or gratuitous transfer, including a reportable policy sale, and provide definitions applicable under section 101. The proposed regulations under section 6050Y adopt the relevant definitions by cross-reference.

    The proposed regulations provide that any transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract for cash or other consideration reducible to a money value is a transfer for valuable consideration. See § 1.101-1(f)(5) of the proposed regulations; see also § 25.2512-8 (“[a] consideration not reducible to a value in money or money's worth, as love and affection, promise of marriage, etc., is to be wholly disregarded”). An interest in a life insurance contract (also referred to as a life insurance policy) is held by any person that has taken title to or possession of the life insurance contract, in whole or part, for state law purposes, including any person that has taken title or possession as nominee for another person, or by any person that has an enforceable right to receive all or a part of the proceeds of the life insurance Start Printed Page 11016contract or to any other economic benefits of the insurance policy as described in § 20.2042-1(c)(2). See § 1.101-1(e)(1) of the proposed regulations. The enforceable right to designate a contract beneficiary is an interest in a life insurance contract. Id. Any person named as the owner in a life insurance contract generally is the owner (or an owner) of the contract and holds an interest in the contract. Id.

    The transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract includes the transfer of any interest in the life insurance contract as well as any transfer of the life insurance contract itself (meaning a transfer of title to, possession of, or legal or beneficial ownership of the life insurance contract). See § 1.101-1(e)(2) of the proposed regulations. For instance, the creation of an enforceable right to receive all or a part of the proceeds of a life insurance contract constitutes the transfer of an interest in the life insurance contract. Id. However, the revocable designation of a beneficiary of the policy proceeds does not constitute a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract to the beneficiary until the designation becomes irrevocable other than by reason of the death of the insured. Id. For purposes of this rule, a beneficiary designation is not revocable if the person with the right to designate the beneficiary of the contract has an enforceable contractual obligation to designate a particular contract beneficiary. The pledging or assignment of a policy as collateral security also is not a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract. Id. In response to comments received on Notice 2018-41 suggesting that the initial owner of a life insurance contract should not be considered an “acquirer” for purposes of section 6050Y(a), § 1.101-1(e)(2) of the proposed regulations clarifies that the issuance of a life insurance contract to a policyholder, other than the issuance of a policy in an exchange pursuant to section 1035, is not a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract.

    Section 1.101-1(b)(1)(i) of the proposed regulations provides that, in the case of a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract for valuable consideration, the amount of the proceeds attributable to the interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1) is limited under section 101(a)(2) to the sum of the actual value of the consideration for the transfer paid by the transferee and the premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee with respect to that interest. Consistent with section 101(a)(3), this general rule applies to all transfers of interests in life insurance contracts for valuable consideration that are reportable policy sales. Consistent with section 101(a)(2), this general rule also continues to apply to transfers of interests in life insurance contracts for valuable consideration that are not reportable policy sales, unless an exception set forth in section 101(a)(2) applies. See § 1.101-1(b)(1)(i) and (ii) of the proposed regulations. Section 1.101-1(b)(1)(ii)(A) of the proposed regulations applies to carryover basis transfers that are not also subject to § 1.101-1(b)(1)(ii)(B) of the proposed regulations. Section 1.101-1(b)(1)(ii)(B) of the proposed regulations applies to transfers to certain persons.

    Under § 1.101-1(b)(1)(ii)(A) of the proposed regulations, the limitation described in section 101(a)(2) and § 1.101-1(b)(1)(i) of the proposed regulations does not apply to the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract for valuable consideration if (1) The transfer is not a reportable policy sale, (2) the basis of the interest transferred, for the purpose of determining gain or loss with respect to the transferee, is determinable in whole or in part by reference to the basis of that interest in the hands of the transferor, and (3) § 1.101-1(b)(1)(ii)(B) of the proposed regulations does not apply to the transfer. The amount of the proceeds attributable to the interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1) is, however, limited to the sum of (1) The amount that would have been excludable by the transferor, and (2) the premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee.

    This limitation applies without regard to whether the interest previously has been transferred or to the nature of any prior transfer of the interest. For instance, it is irrelevant whether a prior transfer was gratuitous or for value, whether section 101(a)(2)(A) or (B) applied to a prior transfer, whether any prior transfer was a reportable policy sale, or whether the prior transfer was of the same interest or a larger interest in a life insurance contract that included the same interest. If the full amount of the proceeds would have been excludable by the transferor, as would generally be the case if the original policyholder is the transferor, § 1.101-1(b)(1)(ii)(A) of the proposed regulations will, as a practical matter, impose no limitation on the amount of the proceeds attributable to the interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1).

    Under § 1.101-1(b)(1)(ii)(B)(1) of the proposed regulations, the limitation on the excludable amount of the proceeds described in section 101(a)(2) and § 1.101-1(b)(1)(i) of the proposed regulations will not apply to an interest in a life insurance contract that is transferred for valuable consideration if (1) The transfer is not a reportable policy sale and the interest was not previously transferred for valuable consideration in a reportable policy sale, and (2) the transfer is to the insured, a partner of the insured, a partnership in which the insured is a partner, or a corporation in which the insured is a shareholder or officer (a (B)(1) person).

    Under § 1.101-1(b)(1)(ii)(B)(2) of the proposed regulations, if a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract to a (B)(1) person follows a transfer for valuable consideration in a reportable policy sale (whether in the immediately preceding transfer or an earlier transfer), the amount of the proceeds attributable to that interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1) is limited to the sum of (1) The higher of the amount that would have been excludable by the transferor if the transfer to the (B)(1) person had not occurred or the actual value of the consideration for the transfer to the (B)(1) person paid by the (B)(1) person, and (2) the premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee. Thus, in determining the excludable amount of the proceeds attributable to an interest in a life insurance contract that is transferred to a (B)(1) person in a transfer that is not a reportable policy sale, the limitation described in section 101(a)(2) and § 1.101-1(b)(1)(i) of the proposed regulations is inapplicable unless the interest previously had been transferred in a reportable policy sale. Additionally, because of the alternative in the formula for computing the limitation, a (B)(1) person will not be subject to a less favorable limitation than the limitation applicable to a transferee in a carryover basis transfer eligible for the exception set forth in § 1.101-1(b)(1)(ii)(A) of the proposed regulations.

    The proposed regulations provide a single rule applicable to all gratuitous transfers of interests in life insurance contracts, including reportable policy sales that are not for valuable consideration: the amount of the proceeds attributable to the interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1) is limited to the sum of (1) The amount of the proceeds attributable to the gratuitously transferred interest that would have been excludable by the transferor if the transfer had not occurred, and (2) the premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee. See Start Printed Page 11017§ 1.101-1(b)(2)(i) of the proposed regulations. Although § 1.101-1(b)(2) of the existing regulations provides a special rule for gratuitous transfers made by or to the insured, a partner of the insured, a partnership in which the insured is a partner, or a corporation in which the insured is a shareholder or officer, such a rule is not required by section 101(a), and the proposed regulations do not contain a special rule for these transfers because it could be subject to abuse.

    Section 1.101-1(b)(3) of the proposed regulations clarifies that, for purposes of § 1.101-1(b)(1) and (2) of the proposed regulations, in determining the amounts, if any, of consideration paid by the transferee for the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract and premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee with respect to that interest, the amounts paid by the transferee are reduced, but not below zero, by amounts received by the transferee under the life insurance contract that are not received as an annuity, to the extent excludable from gross income under section 72(e). This provision is necessary to prevent an exclusion from gross income based on a double-counting of consideration paid.

    Section 1.101-1(c) of the proposed regulations defines the term “reportable policy sale,” which was introduced in section 101(a)(3). The proposed regulations provide that, as a general matter, any direct or indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract is a “reportable policy sale” if the acquirer has, at the time of the acquisition, no substantial family, business, or financial relationship with the insured apart from the acquirer's interest in that life insurance contract. See § 1.101-1(c)(1) of the proposed regulations.

    Under § 1.101-1(e)(3)(i) of the proposed regulations, the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract results in the direct acquisition of the interest by the transferee (acquirer). Under § 1.101-1(e)(3)(ii) of the proposed regulations, an indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract occurs when a person (acquirer) becomes a beneficial owner of a partnership, trust, or other entity that holds (directly or indirectly) an interest in the life insurance contract. For this purpose, the term “other entity” does not include a C corporation (as that term is defined in section 1361(a)(2)), unless more than 50 percent of the gross value of the assets of the C corporation (as determined under § 1.101-1(f)(4)) consists of life insurance contracts immediately before the indirect acquisition. Under § 1.101-1(f)(1) of the proposed regulations, a “beneficial owner” of a partnership, trust, or other entity is an individual or C corporation with an ownership interest in that partnership, trust, or other entity. The beneficial owner's interest may be held directly or indirectly, through one or more other partnerships, trusts, or other entities.

    Accordingly, under § 1.101-1(e)(3)(ii) of the proposed regulations, persons that acquire shares in a C corporation that holds an interest in a life insurance contract generally will not be considered to have an indirect acquisition of an interest in such contract. However, if the C corporation primarily owns life insurance contracts (or interests therein), any person that acquires shares in the C corporation will be considered to have an indirect acquisition of an interest in any life insurance contract held by the C corporation.

    Section 1.101-1(d) of the proposed regulations defines the terms “substantial family relationship,” “substantial business relationship,” and “substantial financial relationship.” Under section 1.101-1(d)(1) of the proposed regulations, a “substantial family relationship” is the relationship between an individual and any family member of that individual as defined in § 1.101-1(f)(3) of the proposed regulations. A substantial family relationship also exists between an individual and his or her former spouse with regard to a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract to (or in trust for the benefit of) that former spouse incident to divorce. See § 1.101-1(d)(1) of the proposed regulations. Additionally, a substantial family relationship exists between the insured and an entity if all of the entity's beneficial owners have a substantial family relationship with the insured. Id.

    Section 1.101-1(d)(2) describes the two situations in which a substantial business relationship exists between the acquirer and insured: (1) The insured is a key person (as defined in section 264) of, or materially participates (as defined in section 469 and the corresponding regulations) in, an active trade or business as an owner, employee, or contractor, and at least 80% of that trade or business is owned (directly or indirectly, through one or more partnerships, trusts, or other entities) by the acquirer or the beneficial owners of the acquirer, and (2) the acquirer acquires an active trade or business and acquires the interest in the life insurance contract either as part of that acquisition or from a person owning significant property leased to the acquired trade or business or life insurance policies held to facilitate the succession of the ownership of the business, if certain requirements are met. See § 1.101-1(d)(2)(i) and (ii) of the proposed regulations.

    Comments received on Notice 2018-41 suggested that acquisitions of life insurance contracts, or interests therein, in certain ordinary course business transactions involving the acquisition of a trade or business should not be considered reportable policy sales, including ordinary course business transactions whereby one trade or business acquires another trade or business that owns life insurance on the lives of former employees or directors. The definition of substantial business relationship in § 1.101-1(d)(2) of the proposed regulations, as well as certain other provisions in the proposed regulations, are intended to exclude certain of these transactions from the definition of reportable policy sales.

    Section 1.101-1(d)(3) of the proposed regulations describes the three situations in which a substantial financial relationship exists between the insured and the acquirer: (1) The acquirer (directly or indirectly, through one or more partnerships, trusts, or other entities of which it is a beneficial owner) has, or the beneficial owners of the acquirer have, a common investment (other than the interest in the life insurance contract) with the insured and a buy-out of the insured's interest in the common investment by the co-investor(s) after the insured's death is reasonably foreseeable; (2) the acquirer maintains the life insurance contract on the life of the insured to provide funds to purchase assets or satisfy liabilities following the death of the insured; or (3) the acquirer is an organization described in sections 170(c), 2055(a), and 2522(a) that previously received financial support in a substantial amount or significant volunteer support from the insured. See § 1.101-1(d)(3)(i) through (iii) of the proposed regulations.

    The proposed regulations also specify that the fact that an acquirer is a partner of the insured, a partnership in which the insured is a partner, or a corporation in which the insured is a shareholder or officer (all relationships that are covered by an exception from the transfer for value rule) is not sufficient to establish a substantial business or financial relationship, nor is such status required to establish a substantial business or financial relationship. See § 1.101-1(d)(4)(ii) of the proposed regulations. The proposed regulations also clarify that, for purposes of determining whether the acquirer in an indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract has a substantial Start Printed Page 11018business or financial relationship with the insured, the acquirer will be deemed to have a substantial business or financial relationship with the insured if the direct holder of the interest in the life insurance contract has a substantial business or financial relationship with the insured immediately before and after the date the acquirer acquires its interest. See § 1.101-1(d)(4)(i) of the proposed regulations. Accordingly, the acquirer in an indirect acquisition may establish a substantial business or financial relationship with the insured based on the acquirer's own relationship with the insured or the relationship between the insured and the direct holder of the interest in the life insurance contract.

    The proposed regulations also provide several exceptions from the definition of reportable policy sale. The proposed regulations provide that the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract between certain related entities is not a reportable policy sale. Specifically, a transfer between entities with the same beneficial owners is not a reportable policy sale if the ownership interest of each beneficial owner in each entity does not vary by more than a 20 percent ownership interest. See § 1.101-1(c)(2)(i) and (g)(10) of the proposed regulations. Also, a transfer between corporations that are members of an affiliated group (as defined in section 1504(a)) that files a consolidated U.S. tax return for the taxable year in which the transfer occurs is not a reportable policy sale. See § 1.101-1(c)(2)(ii) of the proposed regulations.

    Finally, in response to comments received on Notice 2018-41, certain indirect acquisitions of life insurance contracts, or interests in life insurance contracts, are excepted from the definition of a reportable policy sale. The limited definition of “indirect acquisition” under § 1.101-1(e)(3)(ii) of the proposed regulations means that shareholders acquiring an interest in a C corporation that holds an interest in one or more life insurance contracts will not be considered to have an indirect acquisition or reportable policy sale unless the C corporation primarily owns life insurance contracts (or interests therein). The proposed regulations also provide an exception from the definition of a reportable policy sale for an indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract if the direct holder of the interest acquired the interest in a reportable policy sale and reported the acquisition in compliance with section 6050Y(a) and § 1.6050Y-2 of the proposed regulations. See § 1.101-1(c)(2)(iii)(A) of the proposed regulations. Also, the indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract is not a reportable policy sale if (1) Immediately before the acquisition, no more than 50 percent of the gross value of the assets of the entity that directly holds the interest in the life insurance contract consists of life insurance contracts, and (2) the acquirer and his or her family members own five percent or less of the ownership interests in the entity that directly holds the interest in the life insurance contract. See § 1.101-1(c)(2)(iii)(B) of the proposed regulations. Section 1.101-1(f)(4) of the proposed regulations provides rules regarding the determination of the gross value of assets for this purpose.

    Applicability Dates

    The rules in § 1.101-1(b) through (g) of the proposed regulations are proposed to apply, for purposes of section 6050Y, to reportable policy sales made after December 31, 2017, and to reportable death benefits paid after December 31, 2017. For any other purpose, § 1.101-1(b) through (g) of the proposed regulations apply to transfers of life insurance contracts, or interests therein, made after the date the Treasury decision adopting these regulations as final regulations is published in the Federal Register.

    The rules in § 1.6050Y-1 of the proposed regulations are proposed to apply to reportable policy sales made and reportable death benefits paid after December 31, 2017. The rules in §§ 1.6050Y-2 and 1.6050Y-3 are proposed to apply to reportable policy sales made after December 31, 2017. The rules in § 1.6050Y-4 are proposed to apply to reportable death benefits paid after December 31, 2017. See § 1.6050Y-1(b) of the proposed regulations.

    For reportable policy sales and payments of reportable death benefits occurring after December 31, 2017, and before the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register, § 1.6050Y-1(b) of the proposed regulations would provide transition relief as follows:

    1. With respect to reportable policy sales occurring after December 31, 2017, and before the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register, statements required to be furnished to issuers under section 6050Y(a)(2) must be furnished by the later of the applicable deadline set forth in final regulations or 60 days after the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register;

    2. With respect to reportable policy sales occurring after December 31, 2017, and before the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register, returns required to be filed under section 6050Y(a)(1) and (b)(1) and statements required to be furnished to payment recipients and sellers under section 6050Y(a)(2) and (b)(2) must be filed or furnished by the later of the applicable deadline set forth in final regulations or 90 days after the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register; and

    3. With respect to payments of reportable death benefits paid after December 31, 2017, and before the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register, returns required to be filed under section 6050Y(c)(1) and statements required to be furnished to payment recipients under section 6050Y(c)(2) must be filed or furnished by the later of the applicable deadline set forth in final regulations or 90 days after the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register.

    Special Analyses

    The proposed regulations are not subject to review under section 6(b) of Executive Order 12866 pursuant to the Memorandum of Agreement (April 11, 2018) between the Treasury Department and the Office of Management and Budget regarding review of tax regulations.

    When the IRS issues a proposed rulemaking imposing a requirement on small entities, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) requires the agency to “prepare and make available for public comment an initial regulatory flexibility analysis,” which will “describe the impact of the proposed rule on small entities.” 5 U.S.C. 603(a). Section 605(b) of the RFA allows an agency to certify a rule, in lieu of preparing an analysis, if the proposed rulemaking is not expected to have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.

    Pursuant to the RFA, it is hereby certified that the proposed regulations will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Section 13520 of the Act added section 6050Y to chapter 61 (Information and Returns) of the Code. Section 6050Y imposes information reporting obligations related to certain life insurance contract transactions, including reportable policy sales and payments of reportable death benefits. Section 6050Y provides that each of the returns required by section 6050Y is to be made “at such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall prescribe.” The proposed regulations under section 6050Y would implement section 6050Y by specifying the manner in which and time at which the information reporting obligations must Start Printed Page 11019be satisfied. Accordingly, because the regulations are limited in scope to time and manner of information reporting and definitional information, the economic impact of the proposal is expected to be minimal. In addition, the IRS and Treasury expect that the reporting burden will fall primarily on financial and insurance firms with annual receipts greater than $38.5 million (see 13 CFR 121.201, sector 52 (finance and insurance)). Therefore, because the Commissioner of the IRS hereby certifies that the proposed regulations will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities, a regulatory flexibility analysis is not required. The Treasury Department and the IRS request comments on the accuracy of this statement. Pursuant to section 7805(f) of the Code, this notice of proposed rulemaking will be submitted to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration for comment on its impact on small entities.

    Comments and Public Hearing

    Before these proposed regulations are adopted as final regulations, consideration will be given to any comments that are submitted timely to the IRS as prescribed in this preamble under the ADDRESSES heading. The Treasury Department and the IRS request comments on all aspects of the proposed rules. The Treasury Department and the IRS specifically request comments on the following:

    1. Whether the proposed regulations should provide rules regarding the electronic furnishing of statements that differ in any way from the rules regarding the electronic furnishing of statements that are set forth in § 31.6051-1(j).

    2. Information about the types and timing of payments made by acquirers in reportable policy sales, including the types of ancillary costs and expenses paid in reportable policy sales, the recipients of those payments, and existing reporting requirements applicable to those payments.

    3. Whether, for purposes of reporting under section 6050Y(c), only issuers should be considered payors of reportable death benefits or whether payors should be more broadly defined to include any holder of an interest in a life insurance contract that receives reportable death benefits attributable to that interest and is contractually obligated to pay them to the beneficial owner of the interest.

    4. Whether a substantial business relationship or substantial financial relationship should be considered to exist between the acquirer and insured for purposes of section 101(a)(3) in any situation not included in the definition of “substantial business relationship” in § 1.101-1(d)(2) of the proposed regulations or the definition of “substantial financial relationship” in § 1.101-1(d)(3) of the proposed regulations.

    5. Whether the proposed regulations should include additional provisions regarding the treatment of section 1035 exchanges of life insurance contracts.

    6. Whether the exceptions to reporting by 6050Y(b) issuers and payors under §§ 1.6050Y-3(f)(1) and 1.6050Y-4(e)(1) of the proposed regulations (covering sellers and reportable death benefit payment recipients documented as foreign beneficial owners) are appropriate, including for cases in which a foreign partnership or a foreign trust is the seller or reportable death benefit payment recipient, and also whether the proposed reporting requirements are duplicative or could be combined with other reporting requirements.

    All comments that are submitted by the public will be available for public inspection and copying at www.regulations.gov or upon request.

    A public hearing has been scheduled for June 5, 2019, at 10 a.m., in the IRS Auditorium, Internal Revenue Service, 1111 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC. Due to building security procedures, visitors must enter at the Constitution Avenue entrance. In addition, all visitors must present photo identification to enter the building. Because of access restrictions, visitors will not be admitted beyond the immediate entrance area more than 15 minutes before the hearing starts. For more information about having your name placed on the building access list to attend the hearing, see the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this preamble.

    The rules of 26 CFR 601.601(a)(3) apply to the hearing. Persons who wish to present oral comments at the hearing must submit written or electronic comments and an outline of the topics to be discussed and the time to be devoted to each topic by May 9, 2019. Such persons should submit a signed paper original and eight (8) copies or an electronic copy. A period of 10 minutes will be allotted to each person for making comments. An agenda showing the scheduling of the speakers will be prepared after the deadline for receiving outlines has passed. Copies of the agenda will be available free of charge at the hearing.

    Drafting Information

    The principal author of these regulations is Kathryn M. Sneade, Office of Associate Chief Counsel (Financial Institutions and Products), IRS. However, other personnel from the Treasury Department and the IRS participated in their development.

    Availability of IRS Documents

    The IRS notice cited in this preamble is published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin (or Cumulative Bulletin) and is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Publishing Office, Washington, DC 20402, or by visiting the IRS website at www.irs.gov.

    Start List of Subjects

    List of Subjects in 26 CFR Part 1

    • Income taxes
    • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
    End List of Subjects

    Proposed Amendments to the Regulations

    Accordingly, 26 CFR part 1 is proposed to be amended as follows:

    Start Part

    PART 1—INCOME TAXES

    End Part Start Amendment Part

    Paragraph 1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read in part as follows:

    End Amendment Part Start Authority

    Authority: 26 U.S.C. 7805 * * *

    End Authority Start Amendment Part

    Par. 2. Section 1.101-1 is amended by:

    End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

    1. Removing the second and third sentences in paragraph (a)(1) and adding a sentence at the end of the paragraph.

    End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

    2. Revising paragraphs (b)(1) through (3).

    End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

    3. Removing paragraphs (b)(4) and (5).

    End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

    4. Adding paragraphs (c) through (g).

    End Amendment Part

    The revisions and additions read as follows:

    Exclusion from gross income of proceeds of life insurance contracts payable by reason of death.

    (a)(1) * * * If the life insurance contract is an employer-owned life insurance contract within the definition of section 101(j)(3), the amount to be excluded from gross income may be affected by the provisions of section 101(j).

    * * * * *

    (b) * * * (1) Transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract for valuable consideration—(i) In general. In the case of a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract for valuable consideration, including a reportable policy sale for valuable consideration, the amount of the proceeds attributable to the interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1) is limited under section 101(a)(2) to the Start Printed Page 11020sum of the actual value of the consideration for the transfer paid by the transferee and the premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee with respect to the interest. For exceptions to this general rule for certain transfers for valuable consideration that are not reportable policy sales, see paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section. The application of section 101(d), (f) or (j), which is not addressed in paragraph (b) of this section, may further limit the amount of the proceeds excludable from gross income.

    (ii) Exceptions—(A) Exception for carryover basis transfers. The limitation described in paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section does not apply to the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract for valuable consideration if each of the following requirements are satisfied. First, the transfer is not a reportable policy sale. Second, the basis of the interest, for the purpose of determining gain or loss with respect to the transferee, is determinable in whole or in part by reference to the basis of the interest in the hands of the transferor (see section 101(a)(2)(A)). Third, paragraph (b)(1)(ii)(B) of this section does not apply. In the case of a transfer described in this paragraph (b)(1)(ii)(A), the amount of the proceeds attributable to the interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1) is limited to the sum of the amount that would have been excludable by the transferor if the transfer had not occurred and the premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee. The preceding sentence applies without regard to whether the interest previously has been transferred and the nature of any prior transfer of the interest.

    (B) Exception for transfers to certain persons—(1) In general. The limitation described in paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section does not apply to the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract for valuable consideration if both of the following requirements are satisfied. First, the transfer is not a reportable policy sale and the interest was not previously transferred for valuable consideration in a reportable policy sale. Second, the interest is transferred to the insured, a partner of the insured, a partnership in which the insured is a partner, or a corporation in which the insured is a shareholder or officer (see section 101(a)(2)(B)).

    (2) Transfers to certain persons subsequent to a reportable policy sale. If a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract would be described in paragraph (b)(1)(ii)(B)(1) of this section, but for the fact that the interest was previously transferred for valuable consideration in a reportable policy sale (whether in the immediately preceding transfer or an earlier transfer), then the amount of the proceeds attributable to the interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1) is limited to the sum of—

    (i) The higher of the amount that would have been excludable by the transferor if the transfer had not occurred or the actual value of the consideration for the transfer paid by the transferee; and

    (ii) The premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee.

    (2) Other transfers— (i) Gratuitous transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract. To the extent that a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract is gratuitous, including a reportable policy sale that is not for valuable consideration, the amount of the proceeds attributable to the interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1) is limited to the sum of the amount of the proceeds attributable to the gratuitously transferred interest that would have been excludable by the transferor if the transfer had not occurred and the premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee.

    (ii) Partial transfers. When only part of an interest in a life insurance contract is transferred, the transferor's exclusion is ratably apportioned among the several parts. If multiple parts of an interest are transferred, the transfer of each part is treated as a separate transaction, with each transaction subject to the rule under paragraph (b) of this section that is appropriate to the type of transfer involved.

    (iii) Bargain sales. When the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract is in part a sale and in part a gratuitous transfer, the transfer of each part is treated as a separate transaction for purposes of determining the amount of the proceeds attributable to the interest that is excludable from gross income under section 101(a)(1). Each separate transaction is subject to the rule under paragraph (b) of this section that is appropriate to the type of transfer involved.

    (3) Determination of amounts paid by the transferee. For purposes of paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section, in determining the amounts, if any, of consideration paid by the transferee for the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract and premiums and other amounts subsequently paid by the transferee with respect to that interest, the amounts paid by the transferee are reduced, but not below zero, by amounts received by the transferee under the life insurance contract that are not received as an annuity, to the extent excludable from gross income under section 72(e).

    (c) Reportable policy sale—(1) In general. Except as provided in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, a reportable policy sale for purposes of this section and section 6050Y is any direct or indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract if the acquirer has, at the time of the acquisition, no substantial family, business, or financial relationship with the insured apart from the acquirer's interest in the life insurance contract.

    (2) Exceptions. None of the following transactions is a reportable policy sale:

    (i) A transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract between entities with the same beneficial owners, if the ownership interest of each beneficial owner in the transferor entity does not vary by more than a 20 percent ownership interest from that beneficial owner's ownership interest in the transferee entity. In a series of transfers, the prior sentence is applied by comparing the beneficial owners' ownership interest in the first transferor entity and the last transferee entity. For purposes of this paragraph (c)(2)(i), each beneficial owner of a trust is deemed to have an ownership interest determined by the broadest possible exercise of a trustee's discretion in that beneficial owner's favor. Example 10 in paragraph (g)(10) of this section provides an illustration of the application of this paragraph (c)(2)(i).

    (ii) A transfer between corporations that are members of an affiliated group (as defined in section 1504(a)) that files a consolidated U.S. income tax return for the taxable year in which the transfer occurs.

    (iii) The indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract by a person if—

    (A) The partnership, trust, or other entity that directly holds the interest in the life insurance contract acquired that interest in a reportable policy sale reported in compliance with section 6050Y(a) and § 1.6050Y-2; or

    (B) Immediately before the acquisition, no more than 50 percent of the gross value of the assets (as determined under paragraph (f)(4) of this section) of the partnership, trust, or other entity that directly holds the interest in the life insurance contract consists of life insurance contracts, and with respect to that partnership, trust, or other entity, the person indirectly acquiring the interest in the contract (acquirer) and his or her family members own, in the aggregate—

    (1) With respect to an S corporation, stock possessing 5 percent or less of the Start Printed Page 11021total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote and 5 percent or less of the total value of shares of all classes of stock of the S corporation;

    (2) With respect to a trust or decedent's estate, 5 percent or less of the corpus and 5 percent or less of the annual income (taking into account, for the purpose of determining any person's ownership interest, the maximum amount of income and corpus that could be distributed to or held for the benefit of that person); or

    (3) With respect to a partnership or other entity that is not a corporation or a trust, 5 percent or less of the capital interest and 5 percent or less of the profits interest.

    (d) Substantial relationship—(1) Substantial family relationship. For purposes of this section, a substantial family relationship means the relationship between an individual and any family member of that individual as defined in paragraph (f)(3) of this section. In addition, a substantial family relationship exists between an individual and his or her former spouse with regard to the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract to (or in trust for the benefit of) that former spouse incident to divorce. A substantial family relationship also exists between the insured and a partnership, trust, or other entity if all of the beneficial owners of that partnership, trust, or other entity have a substantial family relationship with the insured. For example, a substantial family relationship exists between the insured and an entity that acquires an interest in a life insurance contract on the insured's life if the insured is the sole beneficial owner of the entity or each beneficial owner of the entity is either the insured or a family member of the insured.

    (2) Substantial business relationship. For purposes of this section, a substantial business relationship between the insured and the acquirer exists in each of the following situations:

    (i) The insured is a key person (as defined in section 264) of, or materially participates (within the meaning of section 469) in, an active trade or business as an owner, employee, or contractor, and at least 80% of that trade or business is owned (directly or indirectly, through one or more partnerships, trusts, or other entities) by the acquirer or the beneficial owners of the acquirer.

    (ii) The acquirer acquires an active trade or business and acquires the interest in the life insurance contract either as part of that acquisition or from a person owning significant property leased to the acquired trade or business or life insurance policies held to facilitate the succession of the ownership of the business if—

    (A) The insured—

    (1) Is an employee within the meaning of section 101(j)(5)(A) of the acquired trade or business immediately preceding the acquisition; or

    (2) Was a director, highly compensated employee, or highly compensated individual within the meaning of section 101(j)(2)(A)(ii) of the acquired trade or business, and the acquirer, immediately after the acquisition, has ongoing financial obligations to the insured with respect to the insured's employment by the trade or business (for example, the life insurance contract is maintained by the acquirer to fund current or future retirement, pension, or survivorship obligations based on the insured's relationship with the entity or to fund a buy-out of the insured's interest in the acquired trade or business); and

    (B) The acquirer either carries on the acquired trade or business or uses a significant portion of the acquired business assets in an active trade or business that does not include investing in interests in life insurance contracts.

    (3) Substantial financial relationship. For purposes of this section, a substantial financial relationship between the insured and the acquirer exists in each of the following situations:

    (i) The acquirer (directly or indirectly, through one or more partnerships, trusts, or other entities of which it is a beneficial owner) has, or the beneficial owners of the acquirer have, a common investment (other than the interest in the life insurance contract) with the insured and a buy-out of the insured's interest in the common investment by the co-investor(s) after the insured's death is reasonably foreseeable.

    (ii) The acquirer maintains the life insurance contract on the life of the insured to provide funds to purchase assets or satisfy liabilities following the death of the insured.

    (iii) The acquirer is an organization described in sections 170(c), 2055(a), and 2522(a) that previously received financial support in a substantial amount or significant volunteer support from the insured.

    (4) Special rules. Paragraphs (d)(4)(i) and (ii) of this section apply for purposes of determining whether a substantial business relationship exists under paragraph (d)(2) of this section and for purposes of determining whether a substantial financial relationship exists under paragraph (d)(3) of this section.

    (i) Indirect acquisitions. The acquirer in an indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract is deemed to have a substantial business or financial relationship with the insured if the direct holder of the interest in the life insurance contract has a substantial business or financial relationship with the insured immediately before and after the date the acquirer acquires its interest.

    (ii) Acquisitions by certain persons. The sole fact that an acquirer is a partner of the insured, a partnership in which the insured is a partner, or a corporation in which the insured is a shareholder or officer, is not sufficient to establish a substantial business or financial relationship with the insured. In addition, an acquirer need not be a partner of the insured, a partnership in which the insured is a partner, or a corporation in which the insured is a shareholder or officer to have a substantial business or financial relationship with the insured.

    (e) Interest in a life insurance contract—(1) Definition. For purposes of this section and section 6050Y, the term interest in a life insurance contract means the interest held by any person that has taken title to or possession of the life insurance contract (also referred to as a life insurance policy), in whole or part, for state law purposes, including any person that has taken title or possession as nominee for another person, and the interest held by any person that has an enforceable right to receive all or a part of the proceeds of a life insurance contract or to any other economic benefits of the policy as described in § 20.2042-1(c)(2) of this chapter, such as the enforceable right to designate a contract beneficiary. Any person named as the owner in the life insurance contract generally is the owner (or an owner) of the contract and holds an interest in the contract.

    (2) Transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract. For purposes of this section and section 6050Y, the term transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract means the transfer of any interest in the life insurance contract, including any transfer of title to, possession of, or legal or beneficial ownership of the life insurance contract itself. The creation of an enforceable right to receive all or a part of the proceeds of a life insurance contract constitutes the transfer of an interest in the life insurance contract. The following events are not a transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract: The revocable designation of a beneficiary of the policy proceeds (until the Start Printed Page 11022designation becomes irrevocable other than by reason of the death of the insured); the pledging or assignment of a policy as collateral security; and the issuance of a life insurance contract to a policyholder, other than the issuance of a policy in an exchange pursuant to section 1035.

    (3) Acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract. For purposes of this section and section 6050Y, the acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract may be direct or indirect.

    (i) Direct acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract. For purposes of this section and section 6050Y, the transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract results in the direct acquisition of the interest by the transferee (acquirer).

    (ii) Indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract. For purposes of this section and section 6050Y, an indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract occurs when a person (acquirer) becomes a beneficial owner of a partnership, trust, or other entity that holds (whether directly or indirectly) the interest in the life insurance contract. For purposes of this paragraph (e)(3)(ii), the term other entity does not include a C corporation, unless more than 50 percent of the gross value of the assets of the C corporation consists of life insurance contracts (as determined under paragraph (f)(4) of this section) immediately before the indirect acquisition.

    (f) Definitions. The following definitions apply for purposes of this section:

    (1) Beneficial owner. A beneficial owner of a partnership, trust or other entity is an individual or C corporation with an ownership interest in that entity. The interest may be held directly or indirectly, through one or more other partnerships, trusts, or other entities. For instance, an individual that directly owns an interest in a partnership (P1), which directly owns an interest in another partnership (P2), is an indirect beneficial owner of P2 and any assets or other entities owned by P2 directly or indirectly. For purposes of this paragraph (f)(1), the beneficial owners of a trust include those who may receive current distributions of trust income or corpus and those who could receive distributions if the trust were to terminate currently.

    (2) C corporation. The term C corporation has the meaning given to it in section 1361(a)(2).

    (3) Family member. With respect to any individual, the term family member refers to any person described in paragraphs (f)(3)(i) through (vii) of this section. For purposes of this paragraph (f)(3), full effect is given to a legal adoption, and a step-child is deemed to be a descendant. The family members of an individual include:

    (i) The individual;

    (ii) The individual's spouse or a person with whom the individual is in a registered domestic partnership, civil union, or other similar relationship established under state law;

    (iii) Any parent, grandparent, or great-grandparent of the individual or of the person described in paragraph (f)(3)(ii) of this section and any spouse of such parent, grandparent, or great-grandparent, or person with whom the parent, grandparent, or great-grandparent is in a registered domestic partnership, civil union, or other similar relationship established under state law;

    (iv) Any lineal descendant of the individual or of any person described in paragraph (f)(3)(ii) or (iii) of this section;

    (v) Any spouse of a lineal descendant described in paragraph (f)(3)(iv) of this section and any person with whom such a lineal descendant is in a registered domestic partnership, civil union, or other similar relationship established under state law;

    (vi) Any lineal descendant of a person described in paragraph (f)(3)(v) of this section; and

    (vii) Any trust established and maintained for the primary benefit of the individual or one or more persons described in paragraph (f)(3)(i) through (vi) of this section.

    (4) Gross value of assets—(i) Determination of gross value of assets. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (f)(4)(ii) and (iii) of this section, for purposes of paragraphs (c)(2)(iii)(B) and (e)(3)(ii) of this section, the term gross value of assets means, with respect to any entity, the fair market value of the entity's assets.

    (ii) Determination of gross value of assets of publicly traded entity. For purposes of determining the gross value of assets of an entity that is publicly traded, if the entity's annual Form 10-K filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (or equivalent annual filing if the entity is publicly traded in a non-U.S. jurisdiction) for the period immediately preceding a person's acquisition of an ownership interest in the entity does not contain information demonstrating that more than 50 percent of the gross value of the entity's assets consist of life insurance contracts, that person may assume that no more than 50 percent of the gross value of the entity's assets consist of life insurance contracts, unless that person has actual knowledge or reason to know that more than 50 percent of the gross value of the entity's assets consist of life insurance contracts.

    (iii) Safe harbor definition of gross value of assets. An entity may choose to determine the gross value of all the entity's assets for purposes of this section using the following alternative definition of gross value of assets:

    (A) In the case of assets that are life insurance policies or annuity or endowment contracts that have cash values, the cash surrender value as defined in section 7702(f)(2)(A); and

    (B) In the case of assets not described in paragraph (f)(4)(iii)(A) of this section, the adjusted bases (within the meaning of section 1016) of such assets.

    (5) Transfer for valuable consideration. A transfer for valuable consideration means any transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract for cash or other consideration reducible to a money value.

    (g) Examples. The application of this section is illustrated by the following examples, all of which assume that the transferee did not receive any amounts under the life insurance contract other than the amounts described in the examples:

    (1) Example 1.

    A is the initial policyholder of a $100,000 insurance policy on A's life. A sells the policy to B, A's child, for $6,000, its fair market value. B is not a partner in a partnership in which A is a partner. B receives the proceeds of $100,000 upon the death of A. Because the transfer to B was for valuable consideration, and none of the exceptions in paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section applies, the amount of the proceeds B may exclude from B's gross income under this section is limited under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section to $6,000 plus any premiums and other amounts paid by B subsequent to the transfer.

    (2) Example 2.

    The facts are the same as in Example 1 in paragraph (g)(1) of this section except that, before A's death, B gratuitously transfers the policy back to A. A's estate receives the proceeds of $100,000 on A's death. Because the transfer from B to A is a gratuitous transfer, the amount of the proceeds A's estate may exclude from gross income under this section is limited under paragraph (b)(2)(i) of this section to the sum of the amount B could have excluded had the transfer back to A not occurred ($6,000 plus any premiums and other amounts paid by B subsequent to the transfer to B, as described in Example 1 in paragraph (g)(1) of this section) plus any premiums and other amounts paid by A subsequent to the transfer to A.

    (3) Example 3.

    The facts are the same as in Example 1 in paragraph (g)(1) of this section except that, before A's death, B sells the policy back to A for its fair market value. A's estate receives the proceeds of $100,000 on A's death. The transfer from A to B is not a reportable policy sale because the acquirer B has a substantial family relationship with Start Printed Page 11023the insured A. The transfer from B to A is also not a reportable policy sale because the acquirer A has a substantial family relationship with the insured A. Accordingly, paragraph (b)(1)(ii)(B)(1) of this section applies to the transfer to A. The amount of the proceeds A's estate may exclude from gross income is not limited by paragraph (b) of this section.

    (4) Example 4.

    A is the initial policyholder of a $100,000 insurance policy on A's life. A transfers the policy for $6,000, its fair market value, to an individual, C, who does not have a substantial family, business, or financial relationship with A. The transfer from A to C is a reportable policy sale. C receives the proceeds of $100,000 on A's death. The amount of the proceeds C may exclude from C's gross income under this section is limited under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section to $6,000 plus any premiums and other amounts paid by C subsequent to the transfer.

    (5) Example 5.

    The facts are the same as in Example 4 in paragraph (g)(4) of this section, except that before A's death, C transfers the policy back to A for $8,000, its fair market value. A's estate receives the proceeds of $100,000 on A's death. The transfer from C to A is not a reportable policy sale because the acquirer A has a substantial family relationship with the insured A. Because that transfer follows a reportable policy sale (the transfer from A to C), the amount of the proceeds that A's estate may exclude from gross income under this section is limited by paragraph (b)(1)(ii)(B)(2) of this section to the sum of—

    (i) The higher of the amount C could have excluded had the transfer back to A not occurred ($6,000 plus any premiums and other amounts paid by C subsequent to the transfer to C, as described in Example 4 in paragraph (g)(4) of this section) or the actual value of the consideration for that transfer paid by A ($8,000); and

    (ii) Any premiums and other amounts paid by A subsequent to the transfer to A.

    (6) Example 6.

    The facts are the same as in Example 4 in paragraph (g)(4) of this section, except that before A's death, C gratuitously transfers the policy to A. A's estate receives the proceeds of $100,000 on A's death. Because the transfer from C to A was gratuitous, the amount of the proceeds A's estate may exclude from gross income is limited under paragraph (b)(2)(i) of this section to the sum of the amount C could have excluded had the transfer back to A not occurred ($6,000 plus any premiums and other amounts paid by C subsequent to the transfer to C, as described in Example 4 in paragraph (g)(4) of this section), plus any premiums and other amounts paid by A subsequent to the transfer back to A.

    (7) Example 7.

    A is the initial policyholder of a $100,000 insurance policy on A's life. A contributes the policy to Corporation X in exchange for stock. Corporation X's basis in the policy is determinable in whole or in part by reference to A's basis in the policy. Corporation X conducts an active trade or business that it wholly owns, and A materially participates in that active trade or business as an employee of Corporation X. Corporation X receives the proceeds of $100,000 on A's death. A's contribution of the policy to Corporation X is not a reportable policy sale because Corporation X has a substantial business relationship with A under paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section. Accordingly, under paragraph (b)(1)(ii)(B)(1) of this section, Corporation X may exclude the full amount of the proceeds from gross income because Corporation X's exclusion is not limited by paragraph (b) of this section.

    (8) Example 8.

    The facts are the same as in Example 7 in paragraph (g)(7) of this section, except that Corporation X transfers its active trade or business and the policy on A's life to Corporation Y in a tax-free reorganization at a time when A is still employed by Corporation X, but is no longer a shareholder of Corporation X. Corporation Y's basis in the policy is determinable in whole or in part by reference to Corporation X's basis in the property, and Corporation Y carries on the trade or business acquired from Corporation X. Corporation Y receives the proceeds of $100,000 on A's death. The transfer from Corporation X to Corporation Y is not a reportable policy sale because Corporation Y has a substantial business relationship with A under paragraph (d)(2)(ii) of this section. The amount of the proceeds that Corporation Y may exclude from gross income is limited under paragraph (b)(1)(ii)(A) of this section to the sum of the amount that would have been excludable by Corporation X had the transfer to Corporation Y not occurred (the full amount of the proceeds, as described in Example 7 in paragraph (g)(7) of this section), plus any premiums and other amounts paid by Corporation Y subsequent to the transfer. Accordingly, Corporation Y may exclude the full amount of the proceeds from gross income.

    (9) Example 9.

    A is the initial policyholder of a $100,000 insurance policy on A's life. A contributes the policy to a C corporation, Corporation W, in exchange for stock. Before and after the acquisition, A and A's family members own less than 5% of the total combined voting power of all classes of Corporation W stock entitled to vote and less than 5% of the total value of all classes of Corporation W stock. Corporation W's basis in the policy is determinable in whole or in part by reference to A's basis in the property. However, no substantial family, business, or financial relationship exists between A and Corporation W. Corporation W receives the proceeds of $100,000 on A's death. A's contribution of the policy to Corporation W is a reportable policy sale. Under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section, the amount of the proceeds Corporation W may exclude from gross income is limited to the actual value of the stock exchanged for the policy, plus any premiums and other amounts paid by Corporation W subsequent to the transfer.

    (10) Example 10.

    Partnership X and Partnership Y are owned by individuals A, B, and C. A holds 40% of the capital and profits interest of Partnership X and 20% of the capital and profits interest of Partnership Y. B holds 35% of the capital and profits interest of Partnership X and 40% of the capital and profits interest of Partnership Y. C holds 25% of the capital and profits interest of Partnership X and 40% of the capital and profits interest of Partnership Y. Partnership X is the initial policyholder of a $100,000 insurance policy on the life of A. Partnership Y purchases the policy from Partnership X. Under paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section, this transfer is not a reportable policy sale because the ownership interest of each beneficial owner in Partnership X does not vary from that owner's interest in Partnership Y by more than a 20% ownership interest. A's ownership varies by a 20% interest, B's ownership varies by a 5% interest, and C's ownership varies by a 15% interest.

    (11) Example 11.

    Partnership X conducts an active trade or business and is the initial policyholder of a $100,000 insurance policy on the life of its full-time employee, A. A materially participates in Partnership X's active trade or business in A's capacity as an employee. Individual B acquires a 10% profits interest in Partnership X in exchange for a cash payment of $1,000,000. Under paragraphs (d)(1) through (3) of this section, B does not have a substantial family, business, or financial relationship with A. Under paragraph (d)(4)(i) of this section, B is deemed to have a substantial business relationship with A because, under paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section, Partnership X (the direct policyholder) has a substantial business relationship with A. Accordingly, although the acquisition of the 10% partnership interest by B is an indirect acquisition of a 10% interest in the insurance policy covering A's life, the acquisition is not a reportable policy sale.

    (12) Example 12.

    The facts are the same as in Example 11 in paragraph (g)(11) of this section, except that A is no longer an employee of Partnership X when B acquires the profits interest in Partnership X, and Partnership X does not have any ongoing financial obligations to A. Also, B acquires only a 5% partnership interest in exchange for a cash payment of $500,000. Partnership X does not own an interest in any other life insurance policies, and the gross value of its assets is $10 million. Although neither Partnership X nor B has a substantial family, business, or financial relationship with A at the time of B's indirect acquisition of an interest in the policy covering A's life, because B's profits interest in Partnership X does not exceed 5%, and because no more than 50% of Partnership X's asset value consists of life insurance contracts, the exception in paragraph (c)(2)(iii)(B) of this section applies, and B's indirect acquisition of an interest in the policy covering A's life is not a reportable policy sale.

    Start Amendment Part

    Par. 3. Section 1.101-6 is amended by revising paragraph (b) to read as follows:

    End Amendment Part
    Effective date.
    * * * * *

    (b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this section, for purposes of section 6050Y, § 1.101-1(b), (c), (d), (e), (f), and (g) apply to reportable policy sales made after December 31, 2017, and to reportable death benefits paid after December 31, 2017. For any other purpose, § 1.101-1(b), (c), (d), (e), (f), and (g) apply to transfers of life Start Printed Page 11024insurance contracts, or interests therein, made after the date the Treasury decision adopting these regulations as final regulations is published in the Federal Register.

    Start Amendment Part

    Par. 4. Section 1.6050Y-1 is added to read as follows:

    End Amendment Part
    Information reporting for reportable policy sales, transfers of life insurance contracts to foreign persons, and reportable death benefits.

    (a) Definitions. The following definitions apply for purposes of this section and §§ 1.6050Y-2 through 1.6050Y-4:

    (1) Acquirer. The term acquirer means any person that acquires an interest in a life insurance contract (through a direct acquisition or indirect acquisition of the interest) in a reportable policy sale.

    (2) Buyer. The term buyer means, with respect to any interest in a life insurance contract that has been transferred in a reportable policy sale, the person that was the most recent acquirer of that interest in a reportable policy sale as of the date reportable death benefits are paid under the contract.

    (3) Direct acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract. The term direct acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract has the meaning given to it in § 1.101-1(e)(3)(i).

    (4) Foreign person. The term foreign person means a person that is not a United States person, as defined in section 7701(a)(30).

    (5) Indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract. The term indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract has the meaning given to it in § 1.101-1(e)(3)(ii).

    (6) Interest in a life insurance contract. The term interest in a life insurance contract has the meaning given to it in § 1.101-1(e)(1).

    (7) Investment in the contract—(i) Definition of investment in the contract. With respect to the original policyholder of a life insurance contract, the term investment in the contract on any date means that person's investment in the contract under section 72(e)(6) on that date. With respect to any other person, the term investment in the contract on any date means the estimate of investment in the contract on that date.

    (ii) Definition of estimate of investment in the contract. The term estimate of investment in the contract with respect to any person, other than the original policyholder, means, on any date, the aggregate amount of premiums paid for the contract by that person before that date, less the aggregate amount received under the contract by that person before that date to the extent such information is known to or can reasonably be estimated by the issuer or payor.

    (8) Issuer— (i) In general. Except as provided in paragraphs (a)(8)(ii) and (iii) of this section, the term issuer generally means, on any date, with respect to any interest in a life insurance contract, any person that bears any part of the risk with respect to the life insurance contract on that date and any person responsible on that date for administering the contract, including collecting premiums and paying death benefits. For instance, if a reinsurer reinsures on an indemnity basis all or a portion of the risks that the original issuer (and continuing contract administrator) might otherwise have incurred with respect to a life insurance contract, both the reinsurer and the original issuer of the contract are issuers of the life insurance contract for purposes of this paragraph (a)(8)(i). Any designee of an issuer is also considered an issuer for purposes of this paragraph (a)(8)(i).

    (ii) 6050Y(a) issuer. For purposes of information reporting under section 6050Y(a) and § 1.6050Y-2, the 6050Y(a) issuer is the issuer that is responsible for administering the life insurance contract, including collecting premiums and paying death benefits under the contract, on the date of the reportable policy sale.

    (iii) 6050Y(b) issuer. For purposes of information reporting under section 6050Y(b) and § 1.6050Y-3, a 6050Y(b) issuer is:

    (A) Any person that receives a RPSS with respect to a life insurance contract or interest therein (or, in the case of a designee, receives notice that the issuer for whom it serves as designee received a RPSS), and is or was, on or before the date of receipt of the RPSS, an issuer with respect to the life insurance contract; or

    (B) Any person that receives notice of a transfer to a foreign person of the life insurance contract and is or was, on the date of transfer or on the date of receipt of the notice, an issuer with respect to the life insurance contract, unless:

    (1) That person (or, in the case of a designee, the issuer for whom it serves as designee) is not responsible for administering the life insurance contract, including collecting premiums and paying death benefits under the contract, on the date the notice of a transfer to a foreign person of a life insurance contract is received; and

    (2) That person, or its designee, provides the issuer that is responsible on that date for administering the life insurance contract, including collecting premiums and paying death benefits under the contract, with such notice and with any available information necessary to accomplish reporting under section 6050Y(b) and § 1.6050Y-3.

    (iv) Designee. A person is treated as the designee of an issuer for purposes of this paragraph (a)(8) only if so designated in writing, including electronically. The designation must be signed and acknowledged, in writing or electronically, by the person named as designee, or that person's representative, and by the issuer making the designation, or its representative.

    (9) Life insurance contract. The term life insurance contract has the meaning given to it in section 7702(a). A life insurance contract may also be referred to as a life insurance policy.

    (10) Notice of a transfer to a foreign person. The term notice of a transfer to a foreign person means any notice of a transfer of title to, possession of, or legal ownership of a life insurance contract received by a 6050Y(b) issuer, including information provided for nontax purposes such as a change of address notice for purposes of sending statements or for other purposes, and information relating to loans, premiums, or death benefits with respect to the contract unless the 6050Y(b) issuer knows that no transfer of the life insurance contract has occurred or knows that the transferee is a United States person. For this purpose, a 6050Y(b) issuer may rely on a Form W-9, Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification, or a valid substitute form, that meets the requirements of § 1.1441-1(d)(2) (substituting “6050Y(b) issuer” for “withholding agent”), that indicates the transferee is a United States person. For instance, a change of address notice that changes the address to a foreign address or other updates to the information relating to the payment of premiums that includes foreign banking or other foreign financial institution information is notice of a transfer to a foreign person unless the 6050Y(b) issuer knows that no transfer has occurred or the transferee is a United States person.

    (11) Payor. The term payor means any person making a payment of reportable death benefits.

    (12) Reportable death benefits. The term reportable death benefits means amounts paid by reason of the death of the insured under a life insurance contract that are attributable to an interest in the life insurance contract that was transferred in a reportable policy sale.

    (13) Reportable death benefits payment recipient. The term reportable death benefits payment recipient means Start Printed Page 11025any person that receives reportable death benefits as a beneficiary under a life insurance contract or as the holder of an interest in a life insurance contract.

    (14) Reportable policy sale. The term reportable policy sale has the meaning given to it in § 1.101-1(c).

    (15) Reportable policy sale payment. The term reportable policy sale payment generally means the total amount of cash and the fair market value of any other consideration transferred, or to be transferred, in a reportable policy sale, including any amount of a reportable policy sale payment recipient's debt assumed by the acquirer in a reportable policy sale. In the case of an indirect acquisition of an interest in a life insurance contract that is a reportable policy sale, the reportable policy sale payment is the amount of cash and the fair market value of any other consideration transferred for the ownership interest in the entity, including the amount of any debt assumed by the acquirer, that is appropriately allocable to the interest in the life insurance contract held by the entity.

    (16) Reportable policy sale payment recipient. The term reportable policy sale payment recipient means any person that receives a reportable policy sale payment in a reportable policy sale. A broker or other intermediary that retains a portion of the cash or other consideration transferred in a reportable policy sale is also a reportable policy sale payment recipient.

    (17) Reportable policy sale statement. The term reportable policy sale statement (RPSS) means a statement furnished by an acquirer to an issuer under section 6050Y(a)(2) and § 1.6050Y-2(d)(2)(i).

    (18) Seller. The term seller means any person that—

    (i) Holds an interest in a life insurance contract and transfers that interest, or any part of that interest, to an acquirer in a reportable policy sale; or

    (ii) Owns a life insurance contract and transfers title to, possession of, or legal ownership of that life insurance contract to a foreign person.

    (19) Transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract. The term transfer of an interest in a life insurance contract has the meaning given to it in § 1.101-1(e)(2).

    (20) United States person. The term United States person has the meaning given to it in section 7701(a)(30).

    (b) Applicability date. This section and §§ 1.6050Y-2 through 1.6050Y-3 apply to reportable policy sales made after December 31, 2017. This section and § 1.6050Y-4 apply to reportable death benefits paid after December 31, 2017. However, for reportable policy sales and payments of reportable death benefits occurring after December 31, 2017, and before the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register, transition relief will be provided as follows:

    (1) For reportable policy sales occurring after December 31, 2017, and before the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register, statements required to be furnished to issuers under section 6050Y(a)(2) and § 1.6050Y-2 must be furnished by the later of the applicable deadline set forth in final regulations or 60 days after the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register.

    (2) For reportable policy sales occurring after December 31, 2017, and before the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register, returns required to be filed under section 6050Y(a)(1) and (b)(1), § 1.6050Y-2, and § 1.6050Y-3 and statements required to be furnished to payment recipients and sellers under section 6050Y(a)(2) and (b)(2), § 1.6050Y-2, and § 1.6050Y-3 must be filed or furnished by the later of the applicable deadline set forth in final regulations or 90 days after the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register.

    (3) For payments of reportable death benefits paid after December 31, 2017, and before the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register, returns required to be filed under section 6050Y(c)(1) and § 1.6050Y-4 and statements required to be furnished to payment recipients under section 6050Y(c)(2) and § 1.6050Y-4 must be filed or furnished by the later of the applicable deadline set forth in final regulations or 90 days after the date final regulations are published in the Federal Register.

    Start Amendment Part

    Par. 5. Section 1.6050Y-2 is added to read as follows:

    End Amendment Part
    Information reporting by acquirers for reportable policy sale payments.

    (a) Requirement of reporting. Except as provided in paragraph (f) of this section, every person that is an acquirer in a reportable policy sale during any calendar year must file a separate information return with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the form and manner as required by the IRS for each reportable policy sale payment recipient, including any seller that is a reportable policy sale payment recipient. Each return must include the following information with respect to the seller or other reportable policy sale payment recipient to which the return relates:

    (1) The name, address, and taxpayer identification number (TIN) of the acquirer;

    (2) The name, address, and TIN of the seller or other reportable policy sale payment recipient to which the return relates;

    (3) The date of the reportable policy sale;

    (4) The name of the 6050Y(a) issuer of the life insurance contract acquired and the policy number of the life insurance contract;

    (5) The aggregate amount of reportable policy sale payments made, or to be made, to the seller or other reportable policy sale payment recipient to which the return relates with respect to the reportable policy sale; and

    (6) Any other information that is required by the form or its instructions.

    (b) Unified reporting. The information reporting requirement of paragraph (a) of this section applies to each acquirer in a series of prearranged transfers of an interest in a life insurance contract. In a series of prearranged transfers, an acquirer's reporting obligation is deemed satisfied if the information required by paragraph (a) of this section with respect to that acquirer is timely reported on behalf of that acquirer in a manner that is consistent with forms, instructions, and other IRS guidance by one or more other acquirers or by a third party information reporting contractor.

    (c) Time and place for filing. Returns required to be made under paragraph (a) of this section must be filed with the Internal Revenue Service Center designated on the prescribed form or in its instructions on or before February 28 (March 31 if filed electronically) of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurred. However, see § 1.6050Y-1(b)(2) for transition rules.

    (d) Requirement of and time for furnishing statements—(1) Statements to reportable policy sale payment recipients—(i) Requirement of furnishing statement. Every person required to file an information return under paragraph (a) of this section with respect to a reportable policy sale payment recipient must furnish in the form and manner prescribed by the IRS to the reportable policy sale payment recipient whose name is set forth in that return a written statement showing the information required by paragraph (a) of this section with respect to the reportable policy sale payment recipient and the name, address, and phone number of the information contact of the person furnishing the written statement. The contact information of the person Start Printed Page 11026furnishing the written statement must provide direct access to a person that can answer questions about the statement. The statement is not required to include information with respect to any other reportable policy sale payment recipient in the reportable policy sale or information about reportable policy sale payments to any other reportable policy sale payment recipient.

    (ii) Time for furnishing statement. Each statement required by paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section to be furnished to any reportable policy sale payment recipient must be furnished on or before February 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurred. However, see § 1.6050Y-1(b)(2) for transition rules.

    (2) Statements to 6050Y(a) issuers—(i) Requirement of furnishing RPSS—(A) In general. Except as provided in paragraph (d)(2)(i)(B) of this section, every person required to file a return under paragraph (a) of this section must furnish in the form and manner prescribed by the IRS to the 6050Y(a) issuer whose name is required to be set forth in the return a RPSS with respect to each reportable policy sale payment recipient that is also a seller. Each RPSS must show the information required by paragraph (a) of this section with respect to the seller named therein, except that the RPSS is not required to set forth the amount of any reportable policy sale payment. Each RPSS must also show the name, address, and phone number of the information contact of the person furnishing the RPSS. This contact information must provide direct access to a person that can answer questions about the RPSS.

    (B) Exception from reporting. A RPSS is not required to be furnished to the 6050Y(a) issuer by an acquirer acquiring an interest in a life insurance contract in an indirect acquisition.

    (ii) Time for furnishing RPSS. Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (d)(2)(ii), each RPSS required by paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section to be furnished to a 6050Y(a) issuer must be furnished by the later of 20 calendar days after the reportable policy sale, or 5 calendar days after the end of the applicable state law rescission period. However, if the later date is after January 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurred, the RPSS must be furnished by January 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale occurred. See § 1.6050Y-1(b)(1) for transition rules.

    (3) Unified reporting. The information reporting requirements of paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (d)(2)(i) of this section apply to each acquirer in a series of prearranged transfers of an interest in a life insurance contract, as described in paragraph (b) of this section. In a series of prearranged transfers of an interest in a life insurance contract, an acquirer's obligation to furnish statements is deemed satisfied if the information required by paragraphs (d)(1)(i) and (d)(2)(i) of this section with respect to that acquirer is timely reported on behalf of that acquirer consistent with forms, instructions, and other IRS guidance by one or more other acquirers or by a third party information reporting contractor.

    (e) Notice of rescission of a reportable policy sale. Any person that has filed a return required by section 6050Y(a)(1) and this section with respect to a reportable policy sale must file a corrected return within 15 calendar days of the receipt of notice of the rescission of the reportable policy sale. Any person that has furnished a written statement under section 6050Y(a)(2) and this section with respect to the reportable policy sale must furnish the recipient of that statement with a corrected statement within 15 calendar days of the receipt of notice of the rescission of the reportable policy sale.

    (f) Exceptions to requirement to file. An acquirer that is a foreign person is not required to file an information return under paragraph (a) of this section with respect to a reportable policy sale unless—

    (1) The life insurance contract (or interest therein) transferred in the sale is on the life of an insured who is a United States person at the time of the sale; or

    (2) The sale is subject to the laws of one or more States of the United States that pertain to acquisitions or sales of life insurance contracts (or interests therein).

    (g) Cross-reference to penalty provisions—(1) Failure to file correct information return. For provisions relating to the penalty provided for failure to file timely a correct information return required under section 6050Y(a)(1) and this section, see section 6721 and § 301.6721-1 of this chapter. See § 301.6724-1 of this chapter for the waiver of a penalty if the failure is due to reasonable cause and is not due to willful neglect.

    (2) Failure to furnish correct statement. For provisions relating to the penalty provided for failure to furnish a correct statement to identified persons under section 6050Y(a)(2) and this section, see section 6722 and § 301.6722-2 of this chapter. See § 301.6724-1 of this chapter for the waiver of a penalty if the failure is due to reasonable cause and is not due to willful neglect.

    Start Amendment Part

    Par. 6. Section 1.6050Y-3 is added to read as follows:

    End Amendment Part
    Information reporting by 6050Y(b) issuers for reportable policy sales and transfers of life insurance contracts to foreign persons.

    (a) Requirement of reporting. Except as provided in paragraph (f) of this section, each 6050Y(b) issuer, that receives a RPSS or any notice of a transfer to a foreign person must file an information return with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) with respect to each seller in the form and manner prescribed by the IRS. The return must include the following information with respect to the seller:

    (1) The name, address, and taxpayer identification number (TIN) of the seller;

    (2) The investment in the contract with respect to the seller;

    (3) The amount the seller would have received if the seller had surrendered the life insurance contract on the date of the reportable policy sale or the transfer of the contract to a foreign person, or if the date of the transfer to a foreign person is not known to the 6050Y(b) issuer, the date the 6050Y(b) issuer received notice of the transfer; and

    (4) Any other information that is required by the form or its instructions.

    (b) Unified reporting. Each 6050Y(b) issuer subject to the information reporting requirement of paragraph (a) of this section must satisfy that requirement, but a 6050Y(b) issuer's reporting obligation is deemed satisfied if the information required by paragraph (a) of this section with respect to that 6050Y(b) issuer is timely reported on behalf of that 6050Y(b) issuer in a manner that is consistent with forms, instructions, and other IRS guidance by one or more other 6050Y(b) issuers or by a third party information reporting contractor.

    (c) Time and place for filing. Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (c), returns required to be made under paragraph (a) of this section must be filed with the Internal Revenue Service Center designated on the prescribed form or in its instructions on or before February 28 (March 31 if filed electronically) of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale or the transfer of the contract to a foreign person occurred. If the 6050Y(b) issuer does not receive notice of a transfer to a foreign person until after January 31 of the calendar year following the year in which the transfer occurred, returns required to be made Start Printed Page 11027under paragraph (a) of this section must be filed by the later of February 28 (March 31 if filed electronically) of the calendar year following the year in which the transfer occurred or thirty days after the date notice is received. See § 1.6050Y-1(b)(2) for transition rules.

    (d) Requirement of and time for furnishing statements— (1) Requirement of furnishing statement. Every 6050Y(b) issuer filing a return required by paragraph (a) of this section must furnish to each seller that is a reportable policy sale payment recipient or makes a transfer to a foreign person and whose name is required to be set forth in the return a written statement showing the information required by paragraph (a) of this section with respect to that seller and the name, address, and phone number of the information contact of the person filing the return. This contact information must provide direct access to a person that can answer questions about the statement.

    (2) Time for furnishing statement. Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (d)(2), each statement required by paragraph (d)(1) of this section to be furnished to any seller must be furnished on or before February 15 of the year following the calendar year in which the reportable policy sale or transfer to a foreign person occurred. If a 6050Y(b) issuer does not receive notice of a transfer to a foreign person until after January 31 of the calendar year following the year in which the transfer occurred, each statement required to be made under paragraph (d) of this section must be furnished by the date thirty days after the date notice is received. See § 1.6050Y-1(b)(2) for transition rules.

    (3) Unified reporting. Each 6050Y(b) issuer subject to the information reporting requirement of paragraph (d)(1) of this section must satisfy that requirement, but a 6050Y(b) issuer's reporting obligation is deemed satisfied if the information required by paragraph (d)(1) of this section with respect to that 6050Y(b) issuer is timely reported on behalf of that 6050Y(b) issuer consistent with forms, instructions, and other IRS guidance by one or more other 6050Y(b) issuers or by a third party information reporting contractor.

    (e) Notice of rescission of a reportable policy sale or transfer of an insurance contract to a foreign person. Any 6050Y(b) issuer that has filed a return required by section 6050Y(b)(1) and this section with respect to a reportable policy sale or transfer of an insurance contract to a foreign person must file a corrected return within 15 calendar days of the receipt of notice of the rescission of the reportable policy sale or transfer of the insurance contract to a foreign person. Any 6050Y(b) issuer that has furnished a written statement under section 6050Y(b)(2) and this section with respect to the reportable policy sale or transfer of the insurance contract to a foreign person must furnish the recipient of that statement with a corrected statement within 15 calendar days of the receipt of notice of the rescission of the reportable policy sale or transfer of the insurance contract to a foreign person.

    (f) Exceptions to requirement to file. A 6050Y(b) issuer is not required to file an information return under paragraph (a) of this section when either paragraph (f)(1) or (2) of this section applies.

    (1) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (f)(1), the 6050Y(b) issuer obtains documentation upon which it may rely to treat a seller of the contract as a foreign beneficial owner in accordance with § 1.1441-1(e)(1)(ii), applying in such case the provisions of § 1.1441-1 by substituting the term “6050Y(b) issuer” for the term “withholding agent” and without regard to the fact that that these provisions apply only to amounts subject to withholding under chapter 3 of subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code. A 6050Y(b) issuer may also obtain from a seller that is a partnership or trust, in addition to documentation establishing the entity's foreign status, a written certification from the entity that no beneficial owner of any portion of the proceeds of the sale is a United States person. In such a case, the issuer may rely upon the written certification to treat the partnership or trust as a foreign beneficial owner for purposes of this paragraph (f)(1) provided that the seller does not have actual knowledge that a United States person is the beneficial owner of all or a portion of the proceeds of the sale. See § 1.1441-1(c)(6)(ii) for the definition of beneficial owner that applies for purposes of this paragraph (f)(1). Additionally, for certifying its status as a foreign beneficial owner (as applicable) for purposes of this paragraph (f)(1), a seller that is required to report any of the income from the sale as effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States under section 864(b) is required to provide to the 6050Y(b) issuer a Form W-8ECI, Certificate of Foreign Person's Claim that Income is Effectively Connected with the Conduct of a Trade or Business in the United States. If a 6050Y(b) issuer obtains a Form W-8ECI from a seller with respect to the sale or has reason to know that income from the sale is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States under section 864(b), the exception to reporting described in this paragraph (f)(1) does not apply.

    (2) The 6050Y(b) issuer receives notice of a transfer to a foreign person, but does not receive a RPSS with respect to the transfer, provided that, at the time the notice is received—

    (i) The 6050Y(b) issuer is not a United States person;

    (ii) The life insurance contract (or interest therein) transferred is not on the life of a United States person; and

    (iii) The 6050Y(b) issuer has not classified the seller as a United States person in its books and records.

    (g) Cross-reference to penalty provisions—(1) Failure to file correct information return. For provisions relating to the penalty provided for failure to file timely a correct information return required under section 6050Y(b)(1) and this section, see section 6721 and § 301.6721-1 of this chapter. See § 301.6724-1 of this chapter for the waiver of a penalty if the failure is due to reasonable cause and is not due to willful neglect.

    (2) Failure to furnish correct statement. For provisions relating to the penalty provided for failure to furnish a correct statement to identified persons under section 6050Y(b)(2) and this section, see section 6722 and § 301.6722-2 of this chapter. See § 301.6724-1 of this chapter for the waiver of a penalty if the failure is due to reasonable cause and is not due to willful neglect.

    Start Amendment Part

    Par. 7. Section 1.6050Y-4 is added to read as follows:

    End Amendment Part
    Information reporting by payors for reportable death benefits.

    (a) Requirement of reporting. Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, every person that is a payor of reportable death benefits during any calendar year must file a separate information return for such calendar year with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for each reportable death benefits payment recipient in the form and manner prescribed by the IRS. The return must include the following information with respect to the reportable death benefits payment recipient to which the return relates:

    (1) The name, address, and taxpayer identification number (TIN) of the payor;

    (2) The name, address, and TIN of the reportable death benefits payment recipient;

    (3) The date of the payment;

    (4) The gross amount of payments made to the reportable death benefits payment recipient during the taxable year;Start Printed Page 11028

    (5) The payor's estimate of the investment in the contract with respect to the buyer, limited to the payor's estimate of the buyer's investment in the contract with respect to the interest for which the reportable death benefits payment recipient was paid; and

    (6) Any other information that is required by the form or its instructions.

    (b) Time and place for filing. Except as otherwise provided in § 1.6050Y-1(b)(3), returns required to be made under this section must be filed with the Internal Revenue Service Center designated in the instructions for the form on or before February 28 (March 31 if filed electronically) of the year following the calendar year in which the payment of reportable death benefits was made.

    (c) Requirement of and time for furnishing statements—(1) Requirement of furnishing statement. Every person required to file an information return under paragraph (a) of this section must furnish to each reportable death benefits payment recipient whose name is required to be set forth in that return a written statement showing the information required by paragraph (a) of this section with respect to that reportable death benefits payment recipient and the name, address, and phone number of the information contact of the payor. This contact information must provide direct access to a person that can answer questions about the statement.

    (2) Time for furnishing statement. Each statement required by paragraph (c)(1) of this section to be furnished to any reportable death benefits payment recipient must be furnished on or before January 31 of the year following the calendar year in which the payment of reportable death benefits was made. However, see § 1.6050Y-1(b)(3) for transition rules.

    (d) Notice of rescission of a reportable policy sale. Any person that has filed a return required by section 6050Y(c) and this section with respect to a payment of reportable death benefits must file a corrected return within 15 calendar days of the receipt of notice of the rescission of the buyer's reportable policy sale. Any person that has furnished a written statement under section 6050Y(c)(2) and this section with respect to a payment of reportable death benefits must furnish the recipient of that statement with a corrected statement within 15 calendar days of the receipt of notice of the rescission of the buyer's reportable policy sale.

    (e) Exceptions to requirement to file. A payor is not required to file an information return under paragraph (a) of this section with respect to a payment of reportable death benefits when either paragraph (e)(1) or (2) of this section applies.

    (1) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (e)(1), the payor obtains documentation in accordance with § 1.1441-1(e)(1)(ii) upon which it may rely to treat the reportable death benefits payment recipient as a foreign beneficial owner of the reportable death benefits, applying in such case the provisions of § 1.1441-1 by substituting the term “payor” for the term “withholding agent” and without regard to the fact that the provisions apply only to amounts subject to withholding under chapter 3 of subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code. A payor may also obtain from a partnership or trust that is a reportable death benefits recipient, in addition to documentation establishing the entity's foreign status, a written certification from the entity that no beneficial owner of any portion of the reportable death benefits payment is a United States person. In such a case, a payor may rely upon the written certification to treat the partnership or trust as a foreign beneficial owner for purposes of this paragraph (e)(1) provided that the payor does not have actual knowledge that a United States person is the beneficial owner of all or a portion of the reportable death benefits payment. See § 1.1441-1(c)(6)(ii) for the definition of beneficial owner that applies for purposes of this paragraph (e)(1). Additionally, for certifying its status as a foreign beneficial owner (as applicable) for purposes of this paragraph (e)(1), a reportable death benefits payment recipient that is required to report any of the income from the sale as effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business in the United States under section 864(b) is required to provide to the payor a Form W-8ECI, Certificate of Foreign Person's Claim that Income is Effectively Connected with the Conduct of a Trade or Business in the United States. If a payor obtains a Form W-8ECI from a reportable death benefits payment recipient with respect to the payment of reportable death benefits or has reason to know that the payment is effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business of the recipient in the United States under section 864(b), the exception to reporting described in this paragraph (e)(1) does not apply.

    (2) The buyer obtained the life insurance contract (or interest therein) under which reportable death benefits are paid in a reportable policy sale to which the exception to reporting described in § 1.6050Y-3(f)(2) applies.

    (f) Cross-reference to penalty provisions—(1) Failure to file correct information return. For provisions relating to the penalty provided for failure to file timely a correct information return required under section 6050Y(c)(1) and this section, see section 6721 and § 301.6721-1 of this chapter. See § 301.6724-1 of this chapter for the waiver of a penalty if the failure is due to reasonable cause and is not due to willful neglect.

    (2) Failure to furnish correct statement. For provisions relating to the penalty provided for failure to furnish a correct statement to identified persons under section 6050Y(c)(2) and this section, see section 6722 and § 301.6722-2 of this chapter. See § 301.6724-1 of this chapter for the waiver of a penalty if the failure is due to reasonable cause and is not due to willful neglect.

    Start Signature

    Kirsten Wielobob,

    Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement.

    End Signature End Supplemental Information

    [FR Doc. 2019-05400 Filed 3-22-19; 8:45 am]

    BILLING CODE 4830-01-P

Document Information

Published:
03/25/2019
Department:
Treasury Department
Agency:
Internal Revenue Service
EntryType:
Proposed Rule
Action:
Notice of proposed rulemaking; notification of public hearing.
Document Number:
2019-05400
Dates:
Written or electronic comments must be received by May 9, 2019. Requests to speak and outlines of topics to be discussed at the public hearing scheduled for June 5, 2019, at 10 a.m. must be received by May 9, 2019.
Pages:
11009-11028 (20 pages)
Docket Numbers:
REG-103083-18
RIN:
1545-BO49
SectionNoes:
1.101-1,1.101-6,1.6050Y-1,1.6050Y-2,1.6050Y-3,1.6050Y-4
Topics:
Income taxes, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
PDF File:
2019-05400.pdf
CFR: (6)
26 CFR 1.101-1
26 CFR 1.101-6
26 CFR 1.6050Y-1
26 CFR 1.6050Y-2
26 CFR 1.6050Y-3
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