2019-09687. Regulation D: Reserve Requirements of Depository Institutions  

  • Start Preamble Start Printed Page 20541

    AGENCY:

    Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

    ACTION:

    Final rule.

    SUMMARY:

    The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (“Board”) is amending Regulation D (Reserve Requirements of Depository Institutions) to revise the rate of interest paid on balances maintained to satisfy reserve balance requirements (“IORR”) and the rate of interest paid on excess balances (“IOER”) maintained at Federal Reserve Banks by or on behalf of eligible institutions. The final amendments specify that IORR is 2.35 percent and IOER is 2.35 percent, a 0.05 percentage point decrease from their prior levels. The amendments are intended to enhance the role of such rates of interest in maintaining the Federal funds rate into the target range established by the Federal Open Market Committee (“FOMC” or “Committee”).

    DATES:

    Effective date: This rule is effective May 10, 2019.

    Applicability date: The IORR and IOER rate changes were applicable on May 2, 2019.

    Start Further Info

    FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

    Clinton Chen, Senior Attorney (202-452-3952), or Sophia Allison, Senior Special Counsel (202-452-3565), Legal Division, or Kristen Payne, Senior Financial Institution & Policy Analyst (202-452-2872), or Laura Lipscomb, Assistant Director (202-912-7964), Division of Monetary Affairs; for users of Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD) only, contact 202-263-4869; Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 20th and C Streets NW, Washington, DC 20551.

    End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

    I. Statutory and Regulatory Background

    For monetary policy purposes, section 19 of the Federal Reserve Act (“the Act”) imposes reserve requirements on certain types of deposits and other liabilities of depository institutions.[1] Regulation D, which implements section 19 of the Act, requires that a depository institution meet reserve requirements by holding cash in its vault, or if vault cash is insufficient, by maintaining a balance in an account at a Federal Reserve Bank (“Reserve Bank”).[2] Section 19 also provides that balances maintained by or on behalf of certain institutions in an account at a Reserve Bank may receive earnings to be paid by the Reserve Bank at least once each quarter, at a rate or rates not to exceed the general level of short-term interest rates.[3] Institutions that are eligible to receive earnings on their balances held at Reserve Banks (“eligible institutions”) include depository institutions and certain other institutions.[4] Section 19 also provides that the Board may prescribe regulations concerning the payment of earnings on balances at a Reserve Bank.[5] Prior to these amendments, Regulation D specified a rate of 2.40 percent for both IORR and IOER.[6]

    II. Amendments to IORR and IOER

    The Board is amending § 204.10(b)(5) of Regulation D to specify that IORR is 2.35 percent and IOER is 2.35 percent, a 0.05 percentage point decrease in each rate. The Board announced this decision on May 1, 2019, with an effective date of May 2, 2019, in the Federal Reserve Implementation Note that accompanied the FOMC's statement on May 1, 2019. The FOMC statement stated that the Committee decided to maintain the target range for the federal funds rate at 2-1/4 to 2-1/2 percent.

    The Federal Reserve Implementation Note stated:

    The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System voted unanimously to set the interest rate paid on required and excess reserve balances at 2.35 percent, effective May 2, 2019. Setting the interest rate paid on required and excess reserve balances 15 basis points below the top of the target range for the federal funds rate is intended to foster trading in the federal funds market at rates well within the FOMC's target range.

    As a result, the Board is amending section 204.10(b)(5) of Regulation D to change IORR to 2.35 percent and IOER to 2.35 percent.

    III. Administrative Procedure Act

    In general, the Administrative Procedure Act (“APA”) [7] imposes three principal requirements when an agency promulgates legislative rules (rules made pursuant to congressionally delegated authority): (1) Publication with adequate notice of a proposed rule; (2) followed by a meaningful opportunity for the public to comment on the rule's content; and (3) publication of the final rule not less than 30 days before its effective date. The APA provides that notice and comment procedures do not apply if the agency for good cause finds them to be “unnecessary, impracticable, or contrary to the public interest.” [8] Section 553(d) of the APA also provides that publication at least 30 days prior to a rule's effective date is not required for (1) a substantive rule which grants or recognizes an exemption or relieves a restriction; (2) interpretive rules and statements of policy; or (3) a rule for which the agency finds good cause for shortened notice and publishes its reasoning with the rule.[9]

    The Board has determined that good cause exists for finding that the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date provisions of the APA are unnecessary, impracticable, or contrary to the public interest with respect to these final amendments to Regulation D. The rate decreases for IORR and IOER that are reflected in the final amendments to Regulation D were made with a view towards accommodating commerce and business and with regard to their bearing upon the general credit situation of the country. Notice and public comment would prevent the Board's action from being effective as promptly as necessary in the public interest and would not otherwise serve any useful purpose. Notice, public comment, and a delayed effective date would create uncertainty about the finality and effectiveness of the Board's Start Printed Page 20542action and undermine the effectiveness of that action. Accordingly, the Board has determined that good cause exists to dispense with the notice, public comment, and delayed effective date procedures of the APA with respect to these final amendments to Regulation D.

    IV. Regulatory Flexibility Analysis

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (“RFA”) does not apply to a rulemaking where a general notice of proposed rulemaking is not required.[10] As noted previously, the Board has determined that it is unnecessary and contrary to the public interest to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking for this final rule. Accordingly, the RFA's requirements relating to an initial and final regulatory flexibility analysis do not apply.

    V. Paperwork Reduction Act

    In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (“PRA”) of 1995,[11] the Board reviewed the final rule under the authority delegated to the Board by the Office of Management and Budget. The final rule contains no requirements subject to the PRA.

    Start List of Subjects

    List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 204

    • Banks
    • Banking
    • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
    End List of Subjects

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Board amends 12 CFR part 204 as follows:

    Start Part

    PART 204—RESERVE REQUIREMENTS OF DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS (REGULATION D)

    End Part Start Amendment Part

    1. The authority citation for part 204 continues to read as follows:

    End Amendment Part Start Authority

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 248(a), 248(c), 461, 601, 611, and 3105.

    End Authority Start Amendment Part

    2. Section 204.10 is amended by revising paragraph (b)(5) to read as follows:

    End Amendment Part
    Payment of interest on balances.
    * * * * *

    (b) * * *

    (5) The rates for IORR and IOER are:

    Rate (percent)
    IORR2.35
    IOER2.35
    * * * * *
    Start Signature

    By order of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, May 7, 2019.

    Ann Misback,

    Secretary of the Board.

    End Signature End Supplemental Information

    Footnotes

    [FR Doc. 2019-09687 Filed 5-9-19; 8:45 am]

    BILLING CODE 6210-01-P

Document Information

Effective Date:
5/10/2019
Published:
05/10/2019
Department:
Federal Reserve System
EntryType:
Rule
Action:
Final rule.
Document Number:
2019-09687
Dates:
Effective date: This rule is effective May 10, 2019.
Pages:
20541-20542 (2 pages)
Docket Numbers:
Docket No. R-1663, RIN 7100-AF 50
SectionNoes:
204.10
Topics:
Banks, banking, Banks, banking, Banks, banking, Banks, banking, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
PDF File:
2019-09687.pdf
CFR: (1)
12 CFR 204.10