2018-12975. S9 Nonclinical Evaluation for Anticancer Pharmaceuticals-Questions and Answers; International Council for Harmonisation; Guidance for Industry; Availability  

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    AGENCY:

    Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

    ACTION:

    Notice of availability.

    SUMMARY:

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is announcing the availability of a final guidance for industry entitled “S9 Nonclinical Evaluation for Anticancer Pharmaceuticals—Questions and Answers.” The guidance was prepared under the auspices of the International Council for Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH), formerly the International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use. The guidance consists of questions and answers that were developed to provide additional clarity about anticancer pharmaceutical development described in the ICH guidance “S9 Nonclinical Evaluation for Anticancer Pharmaceuticals” that was published in 2010 (ICH S9 (2010)), as well as to continue progress in the 3Rs of Reduction, Refinement, and Replacement in the use of animals.

    DATES:

    The announcement of the guidance is published in the Federal Register on June 18, 2018.

    ADDRESSES:

    You may submit either electronic or written comments on Agency guidances at any time as follows:Start Printed Page 28242

    Electronic Submissions

    Submit electronic comments in the following way:

    • Federal eRulemaking Portal: https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Comments submitted electronically, including attachments, to https://www.regulations.gov will be posted to the docket unchanged. Because your comment will be made public, you are solely responsible for ensuring that your comment does not include any confidential information that you or a third party may not wish to be posted, such as medical information, your or anyone else's Social Security number, or confidential business information, such as a manufacturing process. Please note that if you include your name, contact information, or other information that identifies you in the body of your comments, that information will be posted on https://www.regulations.gov.
    • If you want to submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made available to the public, submit the comment as a written/paper submission and in the manner detailed (see “Written/Paper Submissions” and “Instructions”).

    Written/Paper Submissions

    Submit written/paper submissions as follows:

    • Mail/Hand delivery/Courier (for written/paper submissions): Dockets Management Staff (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.
    • For written/paper comments submitted to the Dockets Management Staff, FDA will post your comment, as well as any attachments, except for information submitted, marked and identified, as confidential, if submitted as detailed in “Instructions.”

    Instructions: All submissions received must include the Docket No. FDA-2016-D-2569 for “S9 Nonclinical Evaluation for Anticancer Pharmaceuticals—Questions and Answers.” Received comments will be placed in the docket and, except for those submitted as “Confidential Submissions,” publicly viewable at https://www.regulations.gov or at the Dockets Management Staff office between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

    • Confidential Submissions—To submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made publicly available, submit your comments only as a written/paper submission. You should submit two copies total. One copy will include the information you claim to be confidential with a heading or cover note that states “THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.” The Agency will review this copy, including the claimed confidential information, in its consideration of comments. The second copy, which will have the claimed confidential information redacted/blacked out, will be available for public viewing and posted on https://www.regulations.gov. Submit both copies to the Dockets Management Staff. If you do not wish your name and contact information to be made publicly available, you can provide this information on the cover sheet and not in the body of your comments and you must identify this information as “confidential.” Any information marked as “confidential” will not be disclosed except in accordance with 21 CFR 10.20 and other applicable disclosure law. For more information about FDA's posting of comments to public dockets, see 80 FR 56469, September 18, 2015, or access the information at: https://www.gpo.gov/​fdsys/​pkg/​FR-2015-09-18/​pdf/​2015-23389.pdf.

    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or the electronic and written/paper comments received, go to https://www.regulations.gov and insert the docket number, found in brackets in the heading of this document, into the “Search” box and follow the prompts and/or go to the Dockets Management Staff, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

    You may submit comments on any guidance at any time (see 21 CFR 10.115(g)(5)).

    Submit written requests for single copies of this guidance to the Division of Drug Information, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10001 New Hampshire Ave., Hillandale Building, 4th Floor, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, or the Office of Communication, Outreach and Development, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 71, Rm. 3128, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002. Send one self-addressed adhesive label to assist that office in processing your requests. The guidance may also be obtained by mail by calling CBER at 1-800-835-4709 or 240-402-8010. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the guidance document.

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    FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

    Regarding the guidance: John K. Leighton, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 22, Rm. 2204, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-1398; or Anne M. Pilaro, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 71, Rm. 4023, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 240-402-8341.

    Regarding the ICH: Amanda Roache, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, Rm. 1176, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-4548.

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    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

    I. Background

    In recent years, regulatory authorities and industry associations from around the world have participated in many important initiatives to promote international harmonization of regulatory requirements under the ICH. FDA has participated in several ICH meetings designed to enhance harmonization and FDA is committed to seeking scientifically-based harmonized technical procedures for pharmaceutical development. One of the goals of harmonization is to identify and reduce differences in technical requirements for drug development among regulatory agencies.

    ICH was established to provide an opportunity for harmonization initiatives to be developed with input from both regulatory and industry representatives. FDA also seeks input from consumer representatives and others. ICH is concerned with harmonization of technical requirements for the registration of pharmaceutical products for human use among regulators around the world. The six founding members of the ICH are the European Commission; the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries Associations; FDA; the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare; the Japanese Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association; and the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America. The Standing Members of the ICH Association include Health Canada and Swissmedic. Any party eligible as a Member in accordance with the ICH Articles of Association can apply for membership in writing to the ICH Secretariat. The ICH Secretariat, which coordinates the preparation of documentation, operates as an international nonprofit organization and is funded by the Members of the ICH Association.

    The ICH Assembly is the overarching body of the ICH Association and includes representatives from each of the ICH members and observers. The Start Printed Page 28243ICH Assembly is responsible for the endorsement of draft guidelines and adoption of final guidelines. FDA publishes ICH guidelines as FDA guidances.

    ICH S9 (2010) was a significant advance in harmonizing anticancer drug development. Implementation of ICH S9 (2010) has revealed areas that are open to broad and divergent interpretation by both regulatory authorities and industry. For this reason, an Implementation Working Group (IWG) was formed in October 2014 to provide additional clarity about anticancer pharmaceutical development. The questions and answers developed by the IWG are intended to facilitate the implementation of ICH S9 (2010), as well as to continue progress in the 3Rs of Reduction, Refinement, and Replacement in the use of animals.

    In the Federal Register of September 19, 2016 (81 FR 64178), FDA published a notice announcing the availability of a draft guidance entitled “S9 Nonclinical Evaluation for Anticancer Pharmaceuticals—Questions and Answers.” The notice gave interested persons an opportunity to submit comments by November 18, 2016.

    After consideration of the comments received and revisions to the guideline, a final draft of the guideline was submitted to the ICH Assembly and endorsed by the regulatory agencies in June 2016.

    The guidance provides recommendations on development of anticancer pharmaceuticals, including small molecule and biotechnology-derived products. The questions and answers are intended to provide clarity and to facilitate a harmonized approach to the implementation of ICH S9 (2010). Since the publication of the draft questions and answers and receipt of public comments, some questions were combined for brevity and clarity or were deleted as redundant or due to lack of harmonization. Several areas of particular importance include additional clarity around the scope of the guidance, additional recommendations regarding development of antibody-drug conjugates, and the need for recovery animals in general toxicology studies.

    This guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). The guidance represents the current thinking of FDA on “S9 Nonclinical Evaluation for Anticancer Pharmaceuticals—Questions and Answers.” It does not establish any rights for any person and is not binding on FDA or the public. You can use an alternative approach if it satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations. This guidance is not subject to Executive Order 12866.

    II. Electronic Access

    Persons with access to the internet may obtain the document at https://www.regulations.gov, https://www.fda.gov/​Drugs/​GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/​Guidances/​default.htm, or https://www.fda.gov/​BiologicsBloodVaccines/​GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/​Guidances/​default.htm.

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    Dated: June 12, 2018.

    Leslie Kux,

    Associate Commissioner for Policy.

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    [FR Doc. 2018-12975 Filed 6-15-18; 8:45 am]

    BILLING CODE 4164-01-P

Document Information

Published:
06/18/2018
Department:
Health and Human Services Department
Agency:
Food and Drug Administration
EntryType:
Notice
Action:
Notice of availability.
Document Number:
2018-12975
Dates:
The announcement of the guidance is published in the Federal Register on June 18, 2018.
Pages:
28241-28243 (3 pages)
Docket Numbers:
Docket No. FDA-2016-D-2569
SectionNoes:
PDF File:
2018-12975.pdf