2018-13007. Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision  

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    AGENCY:

    Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT.

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    ACTION:

    Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments.

    SUMMARY:

    FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 12 individuals for an exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) to operate a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in interstate commerce. If granted, the exemptions will enable these individuals to operate CMVs in interstate commerce without meeting the vision requirement in one eye.

    DATES:

    Comments must be received on or before July 18, 2018.

    ADDRESSES:

    You may submit comments bearing the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) Docket No. FMCSA-2018-0012 using any of the following methods:

    • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for submitting comments.
    • Mail: Docket Management Facility; U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
    • Hand Delivery: West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., e.t., Monday through Friday, except Federal Holidays.
    • Fax: 1-202-493-2251.

    Instructions: Each submission must include the Agency name and the docket number(s) for this notice. Note that all comments received will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading below for further information.

    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or comments, go to http://www.regulations.gov at any time or Room W12-140 on the ground level of the West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., e.t., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The FDMS is available 24 hours each day, 365 days each year. If you want acknowledgment that we received your comments, please include a self-addressed, stamped envelope or postcard or print the acknowledgement page that appears after submitting comments online.

    Privacy Act: In accordance with 5 U.S.C. 553(c), DOT solicits comments from the public to better inform its rulemaking process. DOT posts these comments, without edit, including any personal information the commenter provides, to http://www.regulations.gov, as described in the system of records notice (DOT/ALL-14 FDMS), which can be reviewed at http://www.dot.gov/​privacy.

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    FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

    Ms. Christine A. Hydock, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202) 366-4001, fmcsamedical@dot.gov, FMCSA, Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Room W64-224, Washington, DC 20590-0001. Office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., E.T., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. If you have questions regarding viewing or submitting material to the docket, contact Docket Services, telephone (202) 366-9826.

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    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

    I. Background

    Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA may grant an exemption from the FMCSRs for a five-year period if it finds “such exemption would likely achieve a level of safety that is equivalent to or greater than the level that would be achieved absent such exemption.” The statute also allows the Agency to renew exemptions at the end of the five-year period. FMCSA grants exemptions from the FMCSRs for a two-year period to align with the maximum duration of a driver's medical certification.

    The 12 individuals listed in this notice have requested an exemption from the vision requirement in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10). Accordingly, the Agency will evaluate the qualifications of each applicant to determine whether granting an exemption will achieve the required level of safety mandated by statute.

    The physical qualification standard for drivers regarding vision found in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10) states that a person is physically qualified to drive a CMV if that person has distant visual acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in each eye without corrective lenses or visual acuity separately corrected to 20/40 (Snellen) or better with corrective lenses, distant binocular acuity of at least 20/40 (Snellen) in both eyes with or without corrective lenses, field of vision of at least 70° in the horizontal Meridian in each eye, and the ability to recognize the colors of traffic signals and devices showing standard red, green, and amber.

    In July 1992, the Agency first published the criteria for the Vision Waiver Program, which listed the conditions and reporting standards that CMV drivers approved for participation would need to meet (Qualification of Drivers; Vision Waivers, 57 FR 31458, July 16, 1992). The current Vision Exemption Program was established in 1998, following the enactment of amendments to the statutes governing exemptions made by § 4007 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), Public Law 105-178, 112 Stat. 107, 401 (June 9, 1998). Vision exemptions are considered under the procedures established in 49 CFR part 381 subpart C, on a case-by-case basis upon application by CMV drivers who do not meet the vision standards of 49 CFR 391.41(b)(10).

    To qualify for an exemption from the vision requirement, FMCSA requires a person to present verifiable evidence that he/she has driven a commercial vehicle safely with the vision deficiency for the past three years. Recent driving performance is especially important in evaluating future safety, according to several research studies designed to correlate past and future driving performance. Results of these studies support the principle that the best predictor of future performance by a driver is his/her past record of crashes and traffic violations. Copies of the studies may be found at Docket Number FMCSA-1998-3637.

    FMCSA believes it can properly apply the principle to monocular drivers, because data from the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) former waiver study program clearly demonstrated the driving performance of experienced monocular drivers in the program is better than that of all CMV drivers collectively (See 61 FR 13338, 13345, March 26, 1996). The fact that experienced monocular drivers demonstrated safe driving records in the waiver program supports a conclusion that other monocular drivers, meeting the same qualifying conditions as those required by the waiver program, are also likely to have adapted to their vision deficiency and will continue to operate safely.

    The first major research correlating past and future performance was done in England by Greenwood and Yule in 1920. Subsequent studies, building on that model, concluded that crash rates for the same individual exposed to certain risks for two different time periods vary only slightly (See Bates and Neyman, University of California Publications in Statistics, April 1952). Other studies demonstrated theories of predicting crash proneness from crash history coupled with other factors. These factors—such as age, sex, geographic location, mileage driven and conviction history—are used every day by insurance companies and motor vehicle bureaus to predict the probability of an individual experiencing future crashes (See Weber, Start Printed Page 28322Donald C., “Accident Rate Potential: An Application of Multiple Regression Analysis of a Poisson Process,” Journal of American Statistical Association, June 1971). A 1964 California Driver Record Study prepared by the California Department of Motor Vehicles concluded that the best overall crash predictor for both concurrent and nonconcurrent events is the number of single convictions. This study used three consecutive years of data, comparing the experiences of drivers in the first two years with their experiences in the final year.

    II. Qualifications of Applicants

    Mark F. Besco

    Mr. Besco, 27, has had a macular scar in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/100, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, “He has no color deficiency in either eye and in our professional medical opinion he has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Besco reported that he has driven straight trucks for two years, accumulating 13,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for two years, accumulating 20,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Iowa. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    William T. Cummins

    Mr. Cummins, 71, has complete loss of vision in his right eye due to a traumatic incident in 1979. The visual acuity in his right eye is no light perception, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, “It is my medical opinion that Mr. Cummins has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Cummins reported that he has driven straight trucks for 15 years, accumulating 37,500 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 25 years, accumulating 1.56 million miles. He holds a Class DMA CDL from Kentucky. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    Aaron L. Fox

    Mr. Fox, 34, had his left eye enucleated due to toxoplasmosis in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2017, his ophthalmologist stated, “I believe that Mr. Fox has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Fox reported that he has driven straight trucks for nine years, accumulating 450,000 miles and tractor-trailer combinations for one year, accumulating 117,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Ohio. His driving record for the last three years shows one crash, for which he was not cited, and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    Ryan N. Goyne

    Mr. Goyne, 37, has retinal scarring in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, “I feel Mr. Goyne has adequate vision to perform tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.”

    Mr. Goyne reported that he has driven straight trucks for six years, accumulating 36,000 miles. He holds an operator's license from Arkansas. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    Eric M. Kohrs

    Mr. Kohrs, 26, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/150, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, “In my opinion, given Eric's total visual field OU and BCVA OU Eric should be able to perform the required visual tasks to operate a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Kohrs reported that he has driven straight trucks for four years, accumulating 10,400 miles. He holds an operator's license from Illinois. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    Michael P. Mazza

    Mr. Mazza, 51, has had a macular scar in his left eye since birth. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/10, and in his left eye, 20/150. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, “Mr. Mazza has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Mazza reported that he has driven straight trucks for 32 years, accumulating 1.6 million miles and tractor-trailer combinations for 16 years, accumulating 800,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Washington. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    James L. Okonek

    Mr. Okonek, 54, had his left eye enucleated due to a tumor in 2006. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2017, his optometrist stated, “It is my medical opinion that Mr. Okonek has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Okonek reported that he has driven straight trucks for 14 years, accumulating 1.82 million miles, tractor-trailer combinations for five years, accumulating 50,000 miles, and buses for five years, accumulating 60,000 miles. He holds a Class ABCDM CDL from Wisconsin. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    Jeffrey S. Rockhill

    Mr. Rockhill, 37, has had amblyopia in his right eye since childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/400, and in his left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, “Jeff has sufficient vision to perform the driving tasks required to operate a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Rockhill reported that he has driven straight trucks for 17 years, accumulating 34,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 17 years, accumulating 51,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Kansas. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    Travis D. Summerville

    Mr. Summerville, 38, has aphakia in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in childhood. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, hand motion. Following an examination in 2018, his optometrist stated, “Mr. Summerville has sufficient vision to operate a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Summerville reported that he has driven straight trucks for three years, accumulating 50,400 miles. He holds an operator's license from Illinois. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    Lora D. Swindall

    Ms. Swindall, 50, has had amblyopia in her right eye since birth. The visual acuity in her right eye is 20/200, and in her left eye, 20/20. Following an examination in 2018, her optometrist stated, “In my medical opinion, Ms. Swindall's vision is sufficient for safely operating a motorized commercial vehicle.” Ms. Swindall reported that she has driven straight trucks for 12 years, Start Printed Page 28323accumulating 300,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 12 years, accumulating 780,000 miles. She holds a Class AM CDL from Alabama. Her driving record for the last three years shows one crash, which she was not cited for, and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    Francis J. Toth

    Mr. Toth, 61, has complete loss of vision in his left eye due to a traumatic incident in 2012. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/20, and in his left eye, no light perception. Following an examination in 2017, his ophthalmologist stated, “In my professional opinion, Mr. Toth does have sufficient vision to perform the driving test required to operate a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Toth reported that he has driven tractor-trailer combinations for 38 years, accumulating 2.85 million miles. He holds an operator's license from Pennsylvania. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    Joseph A. Zaccaro

    Mr. Zaccaro, 77, has had a chorioretinal scar in his left eye since 1992. The visual acuity in his right eye is 20/30, and in his left eye, 20/300. Following an examination in 2018, his ophthalmologist stated, “In Dr. Mock's professional opinion, the patient has sufficient vision to operated [sic] a commercial vehicle.” Mr. Zaccaro reported that he has driven straight trucks for 40 years, accumulating 600,000 miles, and tractor-trailer combinations for 40 years, accumulating 600,000 miles. He holds a Class A CDL from Alabama. His driving record for the last three years shows no crashes and no convictions for moving violations in a CMV.

    III. Request for Comments

    In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA requests public comment from all interested persons on the exemption petitions described in this notice. We will consider all comments and material received before the close of business on the closing date indicated in the dates section of the notice.

    IV. Submitting Comments

    You may submit your comments and material online or by fax, mail, or hand delivery, but please use only one of these means. FMCSA recommends that you include your name and a mailing address, an email address, or a phone number in the body of your document so that FMCSA can contact you if there are questions regarding your submission.

    To submit your comment online, go to http://www.regulations.gov and in the search box insert the docket number FMCSA-2018-0012 and click the search button. When the new screen appears, click on the blue “Comment Now!” button on the right hand side of the page. On the new page, enter information required including the specific section of this document to which each comment applies, and provide a reason for each suggestion or recommendation. If you submit your comments by mail or hand delivery, submit them in an unbound format, no larger than 81/2 by 11 inches, suitable for copying and electronic filing. If you submit comments by mail and would like to know that they reached the facility, please enclose a stamped, self-addressed postcard or envelope.

    We will consider all comments and materials received during the comment period. FMCSA may issue a final determination at any time after the close of the comment period.

    V. Viewing Comments and Documents

    To view comments, as well as any documents mentioned in this preamble, go to http://www.regulations.gov and in the search box insert the docket number FMCSA-2018-0012 and click “Search.” Next, click “Open Docket Folder” and you will find all documents and comments related to this notice.

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    Issued on: June 11, 2018.

    Larry W. Minor,

    Associate Administrator for Policy.

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    [FR Doc. 2018-13007 Filed 6-15-18; 8:45 am]

    BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P

Document Information

Published:
06/18/2018
Department:
Transportation Department
Agency:
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
EntryType:
Notice
Action:
Notice of applications for exemption; request for comments.
Document Number:
2018-13007
Dates:
Comments must be received on or before July 18, 2018.
Pages:
28320-28323 (4 pages)
Docket Numbers:
Docket No. FMCSA-2018-0012
SectionNoes:
PDF File:
2018-13007.pdf