2019-13967. Current Mandatory Business Surveys  

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    Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce.


    Notice of determination.


    The Bureau of the Census (U.S. Census Bureau) will conduct the Start Printed Page 31292following current mandatory business surveys in 2019: Annual Business Survey (ABS), Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM), Annual Retail Trade Survey (ARTS), Annual Wholesale Trade Survey (AWTS), Service Annual Survey (SAS), Report of Organization (formerly Company Organization Survey), Manufacturers' Unfilled Orders Survey, Annual Capital Expenditures Survey (ACES), Business Research and Development (R&D) Survey (BRDS), and the Business and Professional Classification Report. We have determined that data collected from these surveys are needed to aid the efficient performance of essential governmental functions and have significant application to the needs of the public and industry. The data derived from these surveys, most of which have been conducted for many years, are not publicly available from nongovernmental or other governmental sources.


    The Census Bureau will make available the reporting instructions to the organizations included in the surveys. Additional copies are available upon written request to the Director, 4600 Silver Hill Road, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC 20233-0101.

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    Nick Orsini, Associate Director for Economic Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, 4600 Silver Hill Road, 8H132, Washington, DC 20233, Telephone: 301-763-1858; Email: Nick.Orsini@census.gov.

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    The surveys described herein are authorized by Title 13, United States Code (U.S.C.), Sections 131, 182 and 193 and are necessary to furnish current data on the subjects covered by the major censuses. These surveys are made mandatory under the provisions of Sections 224 and 225 of Title 13, U.S.C. These surveys will provide continuing and timely national statistical data for the period between economic censuses. The data collected in the surveys will be within the general scope and nature of those inquiries covered in the economic census. The most recent economic census was conducted in 2018 for the reference year 2017. The next economic census will occur in 2023 for the reference year 2022.

    Annual Business Survey

    The ABS provides information on selected economic and demographic characteristics for businesses and business owners by sex, ethnicity, race, and veteran status. Further, the survey measures research and development for microbusinesses, new business topics, such as innovation and technology, as well as other business characteristics. The ABS is designed to incorporate new content each survey year based on topics of relevance. The topics included on the 2019 ABS collection will be: Company Information; Owner Characteristics; Innovation; Research & Development; and Technology and Intellectual Property. The ABS is sponsored by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) within the National Science Foundation (NSF) and conducted by the Census Bureau for five years (2018-2022).

    Annual Survey of Manufactures

    The ASM collects annual industry statistics, such as total value of shipments, employment, payroll, workers' hours, capital expenditures, cost of materials consumed, supplemental labor costs, and so forth. This survey is conducted on a sample basis, and covers all manufacturing industries, including data on plants under construction but not yet in operation. The ASM data are used to benchmark and reconcile monthly data on manufacturing production and inventories. In 2019, the ASM will begin collecting information about the use of robotics in manufacturing.

    Annual Retail Trade Survey

    The ARTS collects data on annual sales, sales tax, e-commerce sales, year-end inventories, total operating expenses, purchases, and accounts receivable from a sample of employer firms with establishments classified in retail trade as defined by the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). These data serve as a benchmark for the more frequent estimates compiled from the Monthly Retail Trade Survey.

    Annual Wholesale Trade Survey

    The AWTS collects data on annual sales, e-commerce sales, year-end inventories held both inside and outside of the United States, method of inventory valuation, total operating expenses, purchases, gross selling value, and commissions from a sample of employer firms with establishments classified in wholesale trade as defined by the NAICS. These data serve as a benchmark for the more frequent estimates compiled from the Monthly Wholesale Trade Survey.

    Service Annual Survey

    The SAS collects annual data on total revenue, select detailed revenue, total and detailed expenses, and e-commerce revenue for a sample of businesses in the service industries. These industries include Utilities; Transportation and Warehousing; Information; Finance and Insurance; Real Estate and Rental and Leasing; Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; Administration and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services; Educational Services; Health Care and Social Assistance; Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation; Accommodation and Food Services; and Other Services as defined by the NAICS. These data serve as a benchmark for the more frequent estimates compiled from the Quarterly Services Survey.

    Report of Organization

    The Report of Organization collects annual data on ownership or control by a domestic or foreign parent and ownership of foreign affiliates. This includes research and development, company activities such as employees from a professional employer organization, operational status, mid-March employment, first-quarter payroll, and annual payroll of establishments from a sample of multi-establishment enterprises in order to update and maintain a centralized, multipurpose Business Register.

    Manufacturers' Unfilled Orders Survey

    The Manufacturers' Unfilled Orders Survey collects annual data on sales and unfilled orders in order to provide annual benchmarks for unfilled orders for the monthly Manufacturers' Shipments, Inventories, and Orders (M3) survey. The Manufacturers' Unfilled Orders Survey data are also used to determine whether it is necessary to collect unfilled orders data for specific industries on a monthly basis, as some industries are not requested to provide unfilled orders data in the M3 Survey.

    Annual Capital Expenditures Survey

    The ACES collects annual data on the amount of business expenditures for new and used structures and equipment from a sample of non-farm, non-governmental companies, organizations, and associations. Both employer and nonemployer companies are included in the survey. The data are the sole source of investment in buildings and other structures, machinery, and equipment by all private nonfarm businesses in the United States, by the investing industry, and by kind of investment. In 2019, the Census Bureau will begin collecting information about expenditures for both industrial and service robotics at the company level across 19 NAICS sectors.Start Printed Page 31293

    Business Research and Development Survey

    The BRDS collects annual data on spending for research and development activities by businesses. This survey replaced the Survey of Industrial Research and Development that had been collected since the 1950s. The BRDS collects global as well as domestic spending information, more detailed information about the R&D workforce, and information regarding intellectual property from U.S. businesses. The Census Bureau collects and compiles this information in accordance with a joint project agreement between the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Census Bureau. The NSF posts the joint project's information results on their website.

    Business and Professional Classification Report

    The Business and Professional Classification Report collects one-time data on a firm's type of business activity from a sample of newly organized employer firms. The data are used to update the sampling frames for our current business surveys to reflect these newly opened establishments. Additionally, the business classification data will help ensure businesses are directed to complete the correct report in the economic census.

    Paperwork Reduction Act

    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person is required to respond to, nor shall a person be subject to a penalty for failure to comply with a collection of information subject to the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) unless that collection of information displays a currently valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) control number. In accordance with the PRA, 44 U.S.C., Chapter 45, OMB approved the surveys described in this notice under the following OMB control numbers: ABS, 0607-1004; ASM, 0607-0449; ARTS, 0607-0013; AWTS, 0607-0195; SAS, 0607-0422; Report of Organization, 0607-0444; Manufacturers' Unfilled Orders Survey, 0607-0561; ACES, 0607-0782; BRDS, 0607-0912; and Business and Professional Classification Report, 0607-0189.

    Based upon the foregoing, I have directed that the current mandatory business surveys be conducted for the purpose of collecting these data.

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    Dated: June 24, 2019.

    Steven D. Dillingham,

    Director, Bureau of the Census.

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    [FR Doc. 2019-13967 Filed 6-28-19; 8:45 am]

    BILLING CODE 3510-07-P

Document Information

Commerce Department
Census Bureau
Notice of determination.
Document Number:
31291-31293 (3 pages)
Docket Numbers:
Docket Number 190606489-9489-01
PDF File: