Part 86 - CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES  


§ 86.1 Incorporation by reference.
Subpart A—General Provisions for Heavy-Duty Engines and Heavy-Duty Vehicles
§ 86.010-2 Definitions.
§ 86.000-2 Definitions.
§ 86.090-2 Definitions.
§ 86.000-3 Abbreviations.
§ 86.090-3 Abbreviations.
§ 86.090-5 General standards; increase in emissions; unsafe conditions.
§ 86.000-7 Maintenance of records; submittal of information; right of entry.
§ 86.000-8 Emission standards for 2000 and later model year light-duty vehicles.
§ 86.000-9 Emission standards for 2000 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§ 86.080-12 Alternative certification procedures.
§ 86.000-16 Prohibition of defeat devices.
§ 86.010-18 On-board Diagnostics for engines used in applications greater than 14,000 pounds GVWR.
§ 86.000-24 Test vehicles and engines.
§ 86.000-26 Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§ 86.090-27 Special test procedures.
§ 86.000-28 Compliance with emission standards.
§ 86.010-38 Maintenance instructions.
§ 86.091-2 Definitions.
§ 86.001-2 Definitions.
§ 86.091-7 Maintenance of records; submittal of information; right of entry.
§ 86.001-9 Emission standards for 2001 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§ 86.001-21 Application for certification.
§ 86.001-22 Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters subject to adjustment for certification and Selective Enforcement Audit, adequacy of limits, and physically adjustable ranges.
§ 86.001-23 Required data.
§ 86.001-24 Test vehicles and engines.
§ 86.001-25 Maintenance.
§ 86.001-26 Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§ 86.001-28 Compliance with emission standards.
§ 86.091-29 Testing by the Administrator.
§ 86.001-30 Certification.
§ 86.001-35 Labeling.
§ 86.012-2 Definitions.
§ 86.082-2 Definitions.
§ 86.092-2 Definitions.
§ 86.082-34 Alternative procedure for notification of additions and changes.
§ 86.093-2 Definitions.
§ 86.004-2 Definitions.
§ 86.084-2 Definitions.
§ 86.094-2 Definitions.
§ 86.094-3 Abbreviations.
§ 86.084-4 Section numbering; construction.
§ 86.094-7 Maintenance of records; submittal of information; right of entry.
§ 86.004-9 Emission standards for 2004 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§ 86.004-11 Emission standards for 2004 and later model year diesel heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§ 86.094-13 Light-duty exhaust durability programs.
§ 86.094-14 Small-volume manufacturer certification procedures.
§ 86.004-15 NOX plus NMHC and particulate averaging, trading, and banking for heavy-duty engines.
§ 86.004-16 Prohibition of defeat devices.
§ 86.094-16 Prohibition of defeat devices.
§ 86.004-21 Application for certification.
§ 86.094-21 Application for certification.
§ 86.094-22 Approval of application for certification; test fleet selections; determinations of parameters subject to adjustment for certification and Selective Enforcement Audit, adequacy of limits, and physically adjustable ranges.
§ 86.094-25 Maintenance.
§ 86.004-25 Maintenance.
§ 86.004-26 Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§ 86.094-26 Mileage and service accumulation; emission requirements.
§ 86.004-28 Compliance with emission standards.
§ 86.094-28 Compliance with emission standards.
§ 86.094-30 Certification.
§ 86.004-30 [Reserved]
§ 86.004-38 Maintenance instructions.
§ 86.004-40 Heavy-duty engine rebuilding practices.
§ 86.005-1 General applicability.
§ 86.085-2 Definitions.
§ 86.005-10 Emission standards for 2005 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§ 86.095-14 Small-volume manufacturers certification procedures.
§ 86.005-17 On-board diagnostics.
§ 86.085-20 Incomplete vehicles, classification.
§ 86.095-23 Required data.
§ 86.095-26 Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§ 86.095-30 Certification.
§ 86.095-35 Labeling.
§ 86.085-37 Production vehicles and engines.
§ 86.016-1 General applicability.
§ 86.096-2 Definitions.
§ 86.096-3 Abbreviations.
§ 86.096-7 Maintenance of records; submittal of information; right of entry.
§ 86.096-8 Emission standards for 1996 and later model year light-duty vehicles.
§ 86.096-21 Application for certification.
§ 86.096-24 Test vehicles and engines.
§ 86.096-26 Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§ 86.096-30 Certification.
§ 86.096-35 Labeling.
§ 86.096-38 Maintenance instructions.
§ 86.087-2 Definitions.
§ 86.097-9 Emission standards for 1997 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§ 86.007-11 Emission standards and supplemental requirements for 2007 and later model year diesel heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§ 86.007-15 NOX and particulate averaging, trading, and banking for heavy-duty engines.
§ 86.007-17 Onboard diagnostics for engines used in applications less than or equal to 14,000 pounds GVWR.
§ 86.007-21 Application for certification.
§ 86.007-23 Required data.
§ 86.007-25 Maintenance.
§ 86.007-30 Certification.
§ 86.007-35 Labeling.
§ 86.007-38 Maintenance instructions.
§ 86.088-2 Definitions.
§ 86.098-2 Definitions.
§ 86.098-3 Abbreviations.
§ 86.078-3 Abbreviations.
§ 86.078-6 Hearings on certification.
§ 86.098-10 Emission standards for 1998 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§ 86.008-10 Emission standards for 2008 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§ 86.098-14 Small-volume manufacturers certification procedures.
§ 86.098-23 Required data.
§ 86.098-24 Test vehicles and engines.
§ 86.098-25 Maintenance.
§ 86.098-26 Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§ 86.098-28 Compliance with emission standards.
§ 86.098-30 Certification.
§ 86.098-35 Labeling.
§ 86.099-8 Emission standards for 1999 and later model year light-duty vehicles.
§ 86.099-9 Emission standards for 1999 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§ 86.099-10 Emission standards for 1999 and later model year Otto-cycle heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§ 86.099-11 Emission standards for 1999 and later model year diesel heavy-duty engines and vehicles.
§ 86.099-17 Emission control diagnostic system for 1999 and later light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks.
§ 86.079-31 Separate certification.
§ 86.079-32 Addition of a vehicle or engine after certification.
§ 86.079-33 Changes to a vehicle or engine covered by certification.
§ 86.079-36 Submission of vehicle identification numbers.
§ 86.079-39 Submission of maintenance instructions.
Subpart B—Emission Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year New Light-Duty Vehicles and New Light-Duty Trucks and New Otto-Cycle Complete Heavy-Duty Vehicles; Test Procedures
§ 86.130-00 Test sequence; general requirements.
§ 86.160-00 Exhaust emission test procedure for SC03 emissions.
§ 86.110-90 Exhaust gas sampling system; diesel vehicles.
§ 86.110-94 Exhaust gas sampling system; diesel-cycle vehicles, and Otto-cycle vehicles requiring particulate emissions measurements.
§ 86.140-94 Exhaust sample analysis.
§ 86.120-94 Gas meter or flow instrumentation calibration; particulate, methanol and formaldehyde measurement.
§ 86.130-96 Test sequence; general requirements.
§ 86.150-98 Refueling test procedure; overview.
§ 86.101 General applicability.
§ 86.102 Definitions.
§ 86.103 Abbreviations.
§ 86.104 Section numbering; construction.
§ 86.105 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.131-00 Vehicle preparation.
§ 86.161-00 Air conditioning environmental test facility ambient requirements.
§ 86.121-90 Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§ 86.111-90 Exhaust gas analytical system.
§ 86.111-94 Exhaust gas analytical system.
§ 86.131-96 Vehicle preparation.
§ 86.151-98 General requirements; refueling test.
§ 86.132-00 Vehicle preconditioning.
§ 86.162-00 Approval of alternative air conditioning test simulations and descriptions of AC1 and AC2.
§ 86.162-03 Approval of alternative air conditioning test simulations.
§ 86.122-78 Carbon monoxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.142-90 Records required.
§ 86.112-91 Weighing chamber (or room) and microgram balance specifications.
§ 86.132-96 Vehicle preconditioning.
§ 86.152-98 Vehicle preparation; refueling test.
§ 86.163-00 Spot check correlation procedures for vehicles tested using a simulation of the environmental test cell for air conditioning emission testing.
§ 86.113-04 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.113-07 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.113-15 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.123-78 Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§ 86.113-94 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.143-96 Calculations; evaporative emissions.
§ 86.133-96 Diurnal emission test.
§ 86.153-98 Vehicle and canister preconditioning; refueling test.
§ 86.164-00 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure calculations.
§ 86.164-08 Supplemental Federal Test Procedure calculations.
§ 86.124-78 Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.114-94 Analytical gases.
§ 86.144-94 Calculations; exhaust emissions.
§ 86.134-96 Running loss test.
§ 86.154-98 Measurement procedure; refueling test.
§ 86.135-00 Dynamometer procedure.
§ 86.115-00 EPA dynamometer driving schedules.
§ 86.135-12 Dynamometer procedure.
§ 86.165-12 Air conditioning idle test procedure.
§ 86.115-78 EPA dynamometer driving schedules.
§ 86.145-82 Calculations; particulate emissions.
§ 86.135-90 Dynamometer procedure.
§ 86.125-94 Methane analyzer calibration.
§ 86.135-94 Dynamometer procedure.
§ 86.155-98 Records required; refueling test.
§ 86.106-00 Equipment required; overview.
§ 86.166-12 [Reserved]
§ 86.126-90 Calibration of other equipment.
§ 86.136-90 Engine starting and restarting.
§ 86.116-94 Calibrations, frequency and overview.
§ 86.146-96 Fuel dispensing spitback procedure.
§ 86.106-96 Equipment required; overview.
§ 86.156-98 Calculations; refueling test.
§ 86.127-00 Test procedures; overview.
§ 86.127-12 Test procedures; overview.
§ 86.167-17 AC17 Air Conditioning Emissions Test Procedure.
§ 86.137-90 Dynamometer test run, gaseous and particulate emissions.
§ 86.137-94 Dynamometer test run, gaseous and particulate emissions.
§ 86.117-96 Evaporative emission enclosure calibrations.
§ 86.107-96 Sampling and analytical systems; evaporative emissions.
§ 86.127-96 Test procedures; overview.
§ 86.137-96 Dynamometer test run, gaseous and particulate emissions.
§ 86.107-98 Sampling and analytical system.
§ 86.157-98 Refueling test procedures for liquefied petroleum gas-fueled vehicles.
§ 86.128-00 Transmissions.
§ 86.118-00 Dynamometer calibrations.
§ 86.158-00 Supplemental Federal Test Procedures; overview.
§ 86.108-00 Dynamometer.
§ 86.158-08 Supplemental Federal Test Procedures; overview.
§ 86.118-78 Dynamometer calibration.
§ 86.108-79 Dynamometer.
§ 86.128-79 Transmissions.
§ 86.138-96 Hot soak test.
§ 86.129-00 Road load power, test weight, and inertia weight class determination.
§ 86.159-00 Exhaust emission test procedures for US06 emissions.
§ 86.159-08 Exhaust emission test procedures for US06 emissions.
§ 86.129-80 Road load power, test weight, and inertia weight class determination.
§ 86.119-90 CVS calibration.
§ 86.139-90 Particulate filter handling and weighing.
§ 86.129-94 Road load power, test weight, inertia weight class determination, and fuel temperature profile.
§ 86.109-94 Exhaust gas sampling system; Otto-cycle vehicles not requiring particulate emission measurements.
Subpart C—Emission Regulations for 1994 and Later Model Year Gasoline-Fueled New Light-Duty Vehicles, New Light-Duty Trucks and New Medium-Duty Passenger Vehicles; Cold Temperature Test Procedures
§ 86.210-08 Exhaust gas sampling system; Diesel-cycle vehicles not requiring particulate emissions measurements.
§ 86.230-11 Test sequence: general requirements.
§ 86.220-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.210-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.240-94 Exhaust sample analysis.
§ 86.230-94 Test sequence: general requirements.
§ 86.201 General applicability.
§ 86.213 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.201-11 General applicability.
§ 86.241-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.221-94 Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§ 86.231-94 Vehicle preparation.
§ 86.201-94 General applicability.
§ 86.211-94 Exhaust gas analytical system.
§ 86.212-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.202-94 Definitions.
§ 86.232-94 Vehicle preconditioning.
§ 86.222-94 Carbon monoxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.242-94 Records required.
§ 86.213-04 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.213-11 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.223-94 Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§ 86.243-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.203-94 Abbreviations.
§ 86.213-94 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.224-94 Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.214-94 Analytical gases.
§ 86.244-94 Calculations; exhaust emissions.
§§ 86.233-94 — 86.234-94 [Reserved]
§§ 86.238-94 — 86.239-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.204-94 Section numbering; construction.
§ 86.205-11 Introduction; structure of this subpart.
§ 86.205-94 Introduction; structure of this subpart.
§ 86.225-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.235-94 Dynamometer procedure.
§ 86.245-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.215-94 EPA urban dynamometer driving schedule.
§ 86.206-11 Equipment required; overview.
§ 86.206-94 Equipment required; overview.
§ 86.246-94 Intermediate temperature testing.
§ 86.216-94 Calibrations, frequency and overview.
§ 86.226-94 Calibration of other equipment.
§ 86.236-94 Engine starting and restarting.
§ 86.237-08 Dynamometer test run, gaseous emissions.
§ 86.237-94 Dynamometer test run, gaseous emissions.
§ 86.217-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.207-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.227-94 Test procedures; overview.
§ 86.218-94 Dynamometer calibration.
§ 86.228-94 Transmissions.
§ 86.208-94 Dynamometer.
§ 86.219-94 CVS calibration.
§ 86.229-94 Road load force, test weight, and inertia weight class determination.
§ 86.209-94 Exhaust gas sampling system; gasoline-fueled vehicles.
Subpart D [Reserved]
§ 86.340-79 Gasoline-fueled engine dynamometer test run.
§ 86.330-79 NDIR analyzer calibration.
§ 86.320-79 Analyzer bench check.
§ 86.310-79 Sampling and analytical system; component specifications.
§ 86.321-79 NDIR water rejection ratio check.
§ 86.311-79 Miscellaneous equipment; specifications.
§ 86.301-79 Scope; applicability.
§ 86.331-79 Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§ 86.341-79 Diesel engine dynamometer test run.
§ 86.312-79 Dynamometer and engine equipment specifications.
§ 86.322-79 NDIR CO2 rejection ratio check.
§ 86.342-79 Post-test procedures.
§ 86.332-79 Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§ 86.302-79 Definitions.
§ 86.313-79 Air flow measurement specifications; diesel engines.
§ 86.333-79 Dynamometer calibration.
§ 86.343-79 Chart reading.
§ 86.303-79 Abbreviations.
§ 86.314-79 Fuel flow measurement specifications.
§ 86.344-79 Humidity calculations.
§ 86.334-79 Test procedure overview.
§ 86.304-79 Section numbering; construction.
§ 86.335-79 Gasoline-fueled engine test cycle.
§ 86.345-79 Emission calculations.
§ 86.315-79 General analyzer specifications.
§ 86.305-79 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.316-79 Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide analyzer specifications.
§ 86.346-79 Alternative NOX measurement technique.
§ 86.336-79 Diesel engine test cycle.
§ 86.306-79 Equipment required and specifications; overview.
§ 86.327-79 Quench checks; NOX analyzer.
§ 86.317-79 Hydrocarbon analyzer specifications.
§ 86.347-79 Alternative calculations for diesel engines.
§ 86.337-79 Information.
§ 86.307-82 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.328-79 Leak checks.
§ 86.348-79 Alternative to fuel H/C analysis.
§ 86.318-79 Oxides of nitrogen analyzer specifications.
§ 86.338-79 Exhaust measurement accuracy.
§ 86.308-79 Gas specifications.
§ 86.339-79 Pre-test procedures.
§ 86.329-79 System response time; check procedure.
§ 86.309-79 Sampling and analytical system; schematic drawing.
§ 86.319-79 Analyzer checks and calibrations; frequency and overview.
Subpart E—Emission Regulations for 1978 and Later New Motorcycles, General Provisions
§ 86.420-78 Engine families.
§ 86.430-78 Vehicle failure.
§ 86.440-78 Maintenance of records.
§ 86.410-90 Emission standards for 1990 and later model year motorcycles.
§ 86.449 Averaging provisions.
§ 86.410-2006 Emission standards for 2006 and later model year motorcycles.
§ 86.421-78 Test fleet.
§ 86.441-78 Right of entry.
§ 86.411-78 Maintenance instructions, vehicle purchaser.
§ 86.431-78 Data submission.
§ 86.401-97 General applicability.
§ 86.401-2006 General applicability.
§ 86.442-78 Denial, revocation, or suspension of certification.
§ 86.422-78 Administrator's fleet.
§ 86.412-78 Maintenance instructions, submission to Administrator.
§ 86.402-78 Definitions.
§ 86.432-78 Deterioration factor.
§ 86.402-98 Definitions.
§ 86.423-78 Test vehicles.
§ 86.403-78 Abbreviations.
§ 86.413-78 Labeling.
§ 86.443-78 Request for hearing.
§ 86.413-2006 Labeling.
§ 86.404-78 Section numbering.
§ 86.444-78 Hearings on certification.
§ 86.414-78 Submission of vehicle identification number.
§ 86.434-78 Testing by the Administrator.
§ 86.415-78 Production vehicles.
§ 86.435-78 Extrapolated emission values.
§ 86.405-78 Measurement system.
§ 86.425-78 Test procedures.
§ 86.445-2006 What temporary provisions address hardship due to unusual circumstances?
§ 86.406-78 Introduction, structure of subpart, further information.
§ 86.436-78 Additional service accumulation.
§ 86.426-78 Service accumulation.
§ 86.416-80 Application for certification.
§ 86.446-2006 What are the provisions for extending compliance deadlines for small-volume manufacturers under hardship?
§ 86.427-78 Emission tests.
§ 86.437-78 Certification.
§ 86.407-78 Certificate of conformity required.
§ 86.417-78 Approval of application for certification.
§ 86.447-2006 What provisions apply to motorcycle engines below 50 cc that are certified under the Small SI program or the Recreational-vehicle program?
§ 86.438-78 Amendments to the application.
§ 86.418-78 Test fleet selection.
§ 86.408-78 General standards; increase in emissions; unsafe conditions.
§ 86.428-80 Maintenance, scheduled; test vehicles.
§ 86.448-2006 What provisions apply to vehicles certified under the Recreational-vehicle program?
§ 86.409-78 Defeat devices, prohibition.
§ 86.439-78 Alternative procedure for notification of additions and changes.
§ 86.429-78 Maintenance, unscheduled; test vehicles.
§ 86.419-78 Engine displacement, motorcycle classes.
§ 86.419-2006 Engine displacement, motorcycle classes.
Subpart F—Emission Regulations for 1978 and Later New Motorcycles; Test Procedures
§ 86.530-78 Test sequence, general requirements.
§ 86.540-90 Exhaust sample analysis.
§ 86.513 Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.
§ 86.531-78 Vehicle preparation.
§ 86.501-78 Applicability.
§ 86.521-90 Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§ 86.511-90 Exhaust gas analytical system.
§ 86.522-78 Carbon monoxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.502-78 Definitions.
§ 86.532-78 Vehicle preconditioning.
§ 86.542-90 Records required.
§ 86.523-78 Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§ 86.503-78 Abbreviations.
§ 86.513-94 Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.
§ 86.513-2004 Fuel and engine lubricant specifications.
§ 86.524-78 Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.514-78 Analytical gases.
§ 86.504-78 Section numbering.
§ 86.544-90 Calculations; exhaust emissions.
§ 86.515-78 EPA urban dynamometer driving schedule.
§ 86.505-78 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.535-90 Dynamometer procedure.
§ 86.505-2004 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.536-78 Engine starting and restarting.
§ 86.516-90 Calibrations, frequency and overview.
§ 86.526-90 Calibration of other equipment.
§§ 86.545-86.599 [Reserved]
§ 86.527-90 Test procedures, overview.
§ 86.537-90 Dynamometer test runs.
§ 86.508-78 Dynamometer.
§ 86.528-78 Transmissions.
§ 86.518-78 Dynamometer calibration.
§ 86.519-90 Constant volume sampler calibration.
§ 86.509-90 Exhaust gas sampling system.
§ 86.529-98 Road load force and inertia weight determination.
Subpart G—Selective Enforcement Auditing of New Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and Heavy-Duty Vehicles
§ 86.610-98 Compliance with acceptable quality level and passing and failing criteria for Selective Enforcement Audits.
§§ 86.601-1--86.601-83 [Reserved]
§ 86.601-84 Applicability.
§ 86.602-84 Definitions.
§ 86.612-97 Suspension and revocation of certificates of conformity.
§ 86.602-98 Definitions.
§ 86.603-88 Test orders.
§ 86.603-98 Test orders.
§ 86.604-84 Testing by the Administrator.
§ 86.614-84 Hearings on suspension, revocation, and voiding of certificates of conformity.
§ 86.615-84 Treatment of confidential information.
§ 86.605-88 Maintenance of records; submittal of information.
§ 86.605-98 Maintenance of records; submittal of information.
§ 86.606-84 Entry and access.
§ 86.607-84 Sample selection.
§ 86.608-98 Test procedures.
§ 86.609-98 Calculation and reporting of test results.
Subpart H [Reserved]
§ 86.701-94 General applicability.
§ 86.702-94 Definitions.
§ 86.703-94 Abbreviations.
§ 86.704-94 Section numbering; construction.
§§ 86.705-94 — 86.707-94 [Reserved]
§ 86.708-94 In-use emission standards for 1994 and later model year light-duty vehicles.
§ 86.708-98 In-use emission standards for 1998 and later model year light-duty vehicles.
§ 86.709-94 In-use emission standards for 1994 and later model year light-duty trucks.
§ 86.709-99 In-use emission standards for 1999 and later model year light-duty trucks.
Subpart I—Emission Regulations for New Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines; Smoke Exhaust Test Procedure
§ 86.884-1 General applicability.
§ 86.884-2 Definitions.
§ 86.884-3 Abbreviations.
§ 86.884-4 Section numbering.
§ 86.884-5 Test procedures.
§ 86.884-6 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.884-7 Dynamometer operation cycle for smoke emission tests.
§ 86.884-8 Dynamometer and engine equipment.
§ 86.884-9 Smoke measurement system.
§ 86.884-10 Information.
§ 86.884-11 Instrument checks.
§ 86.884-12 Test run.
§ 86.884-13 Data analysis.
§ 86.884-14 Calculations.
Subpart J—Fees for the Motor Vehicle and Engine Compliance Program
§ 86.901 Assessment of fees.
Subpart K—Selective Enforcement Auditing of New Heavy-Duty Engines
§ 86.1001 Applicability.
Subpart L—Nonconformance Penalties for Gasoline-Fueled and Diesel Heavy-Duty Engines and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Including Light-Duty Trucks
§ 86.1110-87 Sample selection.
§ 86.1111-87 Test procedures for PCA testing.
§ 86.1101-87 Applicability.
§ 86.1102-87 Definitions.
§ 86.1112-87 Determining the compliance level and reporting of test results.
§ 86.1103-87 Criteria for availability of nonconformance penalties.
§ 86.1113-87 Calculation and payment of penalty.
§ 86.1103-2016 Criteria for availability of nonconformance penalties.
§ 86.1114-87 Suspension and voiding of certificates of conformity.
§ 86.1104-91 Determination of upper limits.
§ 86.1104-2016 Determination of upper limits.
§ 86.1115-87 Hearing procedures for nonconformance determinations and penalties.
§ 86.1105-87 Emission standards for which nonconformance penalties are available.
§ 86.1106-87 Production compliance auditing.
§ 86.1116-87 Treatment of confidential information.
§ 86.1107-87 Testing by the Administrator.
§ 86.1108-87 Maintenance of records.
§ 86.1109-87 Entry and access.
Subpart M [Reserved]
§ 86.1230-96 Test sequence; general requirements.
§ 86.1204 Section numbering.
§ 86.1231-90 Vehicle preparation.
§ 86.1221-90 Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1201-90 Applicability.
§ 86.1231-96 Vehicle preparation.
§ 86.1202-85 Definitions.
§ 86.1242-90 Records required.
§ 86.1232-96 Vehicle preconditioning.
§ 86.1213-08 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.1203-85 Abbreviations.
§ 86.1213-94 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.1243-96 Calculations; evaporative emissions.
§ 86.1233-96 Diurnal emission test.
§ 86.1214-85 Analytical gases.
§ 86.1234-96 Running loss test.
§ 86.1215-85 EPA heavy-duty vehicle (HDV) urban dynamometer driving schedule.
§ 86.1205-90 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.1235-96 Dynamometer procedure.
§ 86.1226-85 Calibration of other equipment.
§ 86.1236-85 Engine starting and restarting.
§ 86.1216-90 Calibrations; frequency and overview.
§ 86.1206-96 Equipment required; overview.
§ 86.1246-96 Fuel dispensing spitback procedure.
§ 86.1237-85 Dynamometer runs.
§ 86.1207-96 Sampling and analytical systems; evaporative emissions.
§ 86.1227-96 Test procedures; overview.
§ 86.1217-96 Evaporative emission enclosure calibrations.
§ 86.1237-96 Dynamometer runs.
§ 86.1228-85 Transmissions.
§ 86.1218-85 Dynamometer calibration.
§ 86.1238-96 Hot soak test.
§ 86.1229-85 Dynamometer load determination and fuel temperature profile.
Subpart N—Exhaust Test Procedures for Heavy-duty Engines
§ 86.1330-90 Test sequence; general requirements.
§ 86.1340-90 Exhaust sample analysis.
§ 86.1320-90 Gas meter or flow instrumentation calibration; particulate, methanol, and formaldehyde measurement.
§ 86.1310-90 Exhaust gas sampling and analytical system; diesel engines.
§ 86.1340-94 Exhaust sample analysis.
§ 86.1301 Scope; applicability.
§ 86.1304 Section numbering; construction.
§ 86.1305 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.1333 Transient test cycle generation.
§ 86.1360 Supplemental emission test; test cycle and procedures.
§ 86.1362 Steady-state testing with a ramped-modal cycle.
§ 86.1370 Not-To-Exceed test procedures.
§ 86.1372 Measuring smoke emissions within the NTE zone.
§ 86.1380-2004 Load response test.
§ 86.1310-2007 Exhaust gas sampling and analytical system for gaseous emissions from heavy-duty diesel-fueled engines and particulate emissions from all engines.
§ 86.1370-2007 Not-To-Exceed test procedures.
§ 86.1360-2007 Supplemental emission test; test cycle and procedures.
§ 86.1341-90 Test cycle validation criteria.
§ 86.1311-94 Exhaust gas analytical system; CVS bag sample.
§ 86.1321-94 Hydrocarbon analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1341-98 Test cycle validation criteria.
§ 86.1302-84 Definitions.
§ 86.1322-84 Carbon monoxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1312-88 Weighing chamber and microgram balance specifications.
§ 86.1342-90 Calculations; exhaust emissions.
§ 86.1332-90 Engine mapping procedures.
§ 86.1342-94 Calculations; exhaust emissions.
§ 86.1312-2007 Filter stabilization and microbalance workstation environmental conditions, microbalance specifications, and particulate matter filter handling and weighing procedures.
§ 86.1372-2007 Measuring smoke emissions within the NTE zone.
§ 86.1362-2007 Steady-state testing with a ramped-modal cycle.
§ 86.1362-2010 Steady-state testing with a ramped-modal cycle.
§ 86.1303-84 Abbreviations.
§ 86.1323-84 Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1343-88 Calculations; particulate exhaust emissions.
§ 86.1333-90 Transient test cycle generation.
§ 86.1313-94 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.1313-98 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.1313-2004 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.1323-2007 Oxides of nitrogen analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1363-2007 Steady-state testing with a discrete-mode cycle.
§ 86.1313-2007 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.1333-2010 Transient test cycle generation.
§ 86.1324-84 Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1334-84 Pre-test engine and dynamometer preparation.
§ 86.1314-94 Analytical gases.
§ 86.1344-94 Required information.
§ 86.1335-90 Cool-down procedure.
§ 86.1305-90 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.1325-94 Methane analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1305-2004 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.1375-2007 Equipment specifications for field testing.
§ 86.1305-2010 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.1306-07 Equipment required and specifications; overview.
§ 86.1336-84 Engine starting, restarting, and shutdown.
§ 86.1326-90 Calibration of other equipment.
§ 86.1316-94 Calibrations; frequency and overview.
§ 86.1306-96 Equipment required and specifications; overview.
§ 86.1337-96 Engine dynamometer test run.
§ 86.1327-96 Engine dynamometer test procedures; overview.
§ 86.1327-98 Engine dynamometer test procedures; overview.
§ 86.1337-2007 Engine dynamometer test run.
§ 86.1318-84 Engine dynamometer system calibrations.
§ 86.1338-84 Emission measurement accuracy.
§ 86.1308-84 Dynamometer and engine equipment specifications.
§ 86.1338-2007 Emission measurement accuracy.
§ 86.1319-90 CVS calibration.
§ 86.1309-90 Exhaust gas sampling system; Otto-cycle and non-petroleum-fueled engines.
§ 86.1339-90 Particulate filter handling and weighing.
Subpart O [Reserved]
§ 86.1401 Scope; applicability.
§ 86.1402 Definitions.
§ 86.1403 Abbreviations.
§ 86.1404 [Reserved]
§ 86.1405 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.1406 Equipment required and specifications; overview.
§ 86.1413 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.1416 Calibration; frequency and overview.
§ 86.1422 Analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1427 Certification Short Test procedure; overview.
§ 86.1430 Certification Short Test sequence; general requirements.
§ 86.1431 [Reserved]
§ 86.1432 Vehicle preparation.
§ 86.1433 [Reserved]
§ 86.1434 Equipment preparation.
§ 86.1437 Test run — manufacturer.
§ 86.1438 Test run — EPA.
§ 86.1439 Certification Short Test emission test procedures — EPA.
§ 86.1442 Information required.
§§ 86.1407-86.1412 [Reserved]
§§ 86.1414-86.1415 [Reserved]
§§ 86.1417-86.1421 [Reserved]
§§ 86.1423-86.1426 [Reserved]
§§ 86.1428-86.1429 [Reserved]
§§ 86.1435-86.1436 [Reserved]
§§ 86.1440-86.1441 [Reserved]
Subpart P—Emission Regulations for Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Engines, New Methanol-Fueled Natural Gas-Fueled, and Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled Diesel-Cycle Heavy-Duty Engines, New Otto-Cycle Light-Duty Trucks, and New Methanol-Fueled Natural Gas-Fueled, and Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled Diesel-Cycle Light-Duty Trucks; Idle Test Procedures
§ 86.1501 Scope; applicability.
§ 86.1502 Definitions.
§ 86.1503 Abbreviations.
§ 86.1505 Introduction; structure of subpart.
§ 86.1506 Equipment required and specifications; overview.
§ 86.1509 Exhaust gas sampling system.
§ 86.1511 Exhaust gas analysis system.
§ 86.1513 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.1514 Analytical gases.
§ 86.1516 Calibration; frequency and overview.
§ 86.1519 CVS calibration.
§ 86.1522 Carbon monoxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1524 Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.
§ 86.1526 Calibration of other equipment.
§ 86.1527 Idle test procedure; overview.
§ 86.1530 Test sequence; general requirements.
§ 86.1537 Idle test run.
§ 86.1540 Idle exhaust sample analysis.
§ 86.1542 Information required.
§ 86.1544 Calculation; idle exhaust emissions.
Subpart Q—Regulations for Altitude Performance Adjustments for New and In-Use Motor Vehicles and Engines
§ 86.1601 General applicability.
§ 86.1602 Definitions.
§ 86.1603 General requirements.
§ 86.1604 Conditions for disapproval.
§ 86.1605 Information to be submitted.
§ 86.1606 Labeling.
Subpart R [Reserved]
§ 86.1770-99 All-Electric Range Test requirements.
§ 86.1780-99 Prohibited acts.
§ 86.1710-99 Fleet average non-methane organic gas exhaust emission standards for light-duty vehicles and light light-duty trucks.
Appendix XV to Part 86—Procedure for Determining an Acceptable Exhaust Regeneration Durability-Data Test Schedule for Diesel Cycle Vehicles Equipped With Periodically Regenerating Trap Oxidizer Systems Certifying to the Provisions of Part 86, Subpart R
Appendix XIV to Part 86—Determination of Acceptable Durability Test Schedule for Light-Duty Vehicles and Light Light-Duty Trucks Certifying to the Provisions of Part 86, Subpart R
Appendix XVI to Part 86—Pollutant Mass Emissions Calculation Procedure for Gaseous-Fueled Vehicles and for Vehicles Equipped With Periodically Regenerating Trap Oxidizer Systems Certifying to the Provisions of Part 86, Subpart R
Appendix XVII to Part 86—Procedure for Determining Vehicle Emission Control Technology Category/Fuel Reactivity Adjustment Factors for Light-Duty Vehicles and Light Light-Duty Trucks Certifying to the Provisions of Part 86, Subpart R
Appendix XVIII to Part 86—Statistical Outlier Identification Procedure for Light-Duty Vehicles and Light Light-Duty Trucks Certifying to the Provisions of Part 86, Subpart R
§ 86.1721-01 Application for certification.
§ 86.1711-99 Limitations on sale of Tier 1 vehicles and TLEVs.
§ 86.1701-99 General applicability.
§ 86.1721-99 Application for certification.
§ 86.1771-99 Fuel specifications.
§ 86.1722-01 [Reserved]
§ 86.1772-99 Road load power, test weight, and inertia weight class determination.
§ 86.1702-99 Definitions.
§ 86.1712-99 Maintenance of records; submittal of information.
§ 86.1722-99 [Reserved]
§ 86.1723-01 [Reserved]
§ 86.1713-01 [Reserved]
§ 86.1703-99 Abbreviations.
§ 86.1723-99 Required data.
§ 86.1713-99 Light-duty exhaust durability programs.
§ 86.1773-99 Test sequence; general requirements.
§ 86.1724-01 Emission data vehicle selection.
§ 86.1734-01 [Reserved]
§ 86.1714-01 [Reserved]
§ 86.1714-99 Small volume manufacturers certification procedures.
§ 86.1704-99 Section numbering; construction.
§ 86.1774-99 Vehicle preconditioning.
§ 86.1734-99 Alternative procedure for notification of additions and changes.
§ 86.1724-99 Test vehicles and engines.
§ 86.1735-01 Labeling.
§ 86.1715-01 [Reserved]
§ 86.1725-01 Allowable maintenance.
§ 86.1715-99 [Reserved]
§ 86.1705-99 General provisions; opt-in.
§ 86.1775-99 Exhaust sample analysis.
§ 86.1725-99 Maintenance.
§ 86.1735-99 Labeling.
§ 86.1716-01 [Reserved]
§ 86.1726-01 [Reserved]
§ 86.1706-99 National LEV program in effect.
§ 86.1726-99 Mileage and service accumulation; emission measurements.
§ 86.1776-99 Records required.
§ 86.1716-99 Prohibition of defeat devices.
§ 86.1717-01 Emission control diagnostic system for 1999 and later light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks.
§ 86.1717-99 Emission control diagnostic system for 1999 and later light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks.
§ 86.1727-99 [Reserved]
§ 86.1777-99 Calculations; exhaust emissions.
§ 86.1707-99 General provisions; opt-outs.
§ 86.1728-01 Compliance with emission standards for the purpose of certification.
§ 86.1708-99 Exhaust emission standards for 1999 and later light-duty vehicles.
§ 86.1728-99 Compliance with emission standards.
§ 86.1778-99 Calculations; particulate emissions.
§§ 86.1736-99 — 86.1769-99 [Reserved]
§§ 86.1729-99 — 86.1733-99 [Reserved]
§ 86.1709-99 Exhaust emission standards for 1999 and later light light-duty trucks.
§§ 86.1718-99 — 86.1720-99 [Reserved]
§ 86.1779-99 General enforcement provisions.
Subpart S—General Compliance Provisions for Control of Air Pollution From New and In-Use Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty Trucks, and Heavy-Duty Vehicles
§ 86.1820-01 Durability group determination.
§ 86.1840-01 Special test procedures.
§ 86.1810-01 General standards; increase in emissions; unsafe conditions; waivers.
§ 86.1850-01 Denial, suspension or revocation of certificate of conformity.
§ 86.1830-01 Acceptance of vehicles for emission testing.
§ 86.1860-04 How to comply with the Tier 2 and interim non-Tier 2 fleet average NOX standards.
§ 86.1810-09 General standards; increase in emissions; unsafe condition; waivers.
§ 86.1870-12 CO2 credits for qualifying full-size light pickup trucks.
§ 86.1810-17 General requirements.
§ 86.1860-17 How to comply with the Tier 3 fleet-average standards.
§ 86.1819 [Reserved]
Appendix I to Subpart S of Part 86—Vehicle Procurement Methodology
Appendix II to Subpart S of Part 86—As-Received Testing Vehicle Rejection Criteria
Appendix III to Subpart S of Part 86—As-Received Inspection
§ 86.1851-01 Application of good engineering judgment to manufacturers' decisions.
§ 86.1831-01 Mileage accumulation requirements for test vehicles.
§ 86.1811-01 Emission standards for light-duty vehicles.
§ 86.1801-01 Applicability.
§ 86.1821-01 Evaporative/refueling family determination.
§ 86.1841-01 Compliance with emission standards for the purpose of certification.
§ 86.1811-04 Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.
§ 86.1861-04 How do the Tier 2 and interim non-Tier 2 NOX averaging, banking and trading programs work?
§ 86.1811-09 Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.
§ 86.1811-10 Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.
§ 86.1871-12 Optional early CO2 credit programs.
§ 86.1801-12 Applicability.
§ 86.1811-17 Exhaust emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.
§ 86.1861-17 How do the NMOG + NOX and evaporative emission credit programs work?
§ 86.1822-01 Durability data vehicle selection.
§ 86.1842-01 Addition of a vehicle after certification; and changes to a vehicle covered by certification.
§ 86.1802-01 Section numbering; construction.
§ 86.1832-01 Optional equipment and air conditioning for test vehicles.
§ 86.1812-01 Emission standards for light-duty trucks 1.
§ 86.1852-01 Waivers for good in-use emission performance.
§ 86.1862-04 Maintenance of records and submittal of information relevant to compliance with fleet-average standards.
§ 86.1823-01 Durability demonstration procedures for exhaust emissions.
§ 86.1833-01 Adjustable parameters.
§ 86.1843-01 General information requirements.
§ 86.1803-01 Definitions.
§ 86.1853-01 Certification hearings.
§ 86.1813-01 Emission standards for light-duty trucks 2.
§ 86.1863-07 Optional chassis certification for diesel vehicles.
§ 86.1823-08 Durability demonstration procedures for exhaust emissions.
§ 86.1813-17 Evaporative and refueling emission standards.
§ 86.1844-01 Information requirements: Application for certification and submittal of information upon request.
§ 86.1824-01 Durability demonstration procedures for evaporative emissions.
§ 86.1814-01 Emission standards for light-duty trucks 3.
§ 86.1804-01 Acronyms and abbreviations.
§ 86.1834-01 Allowable maintenance.
§ 86.1814-02 Emission standards for light-duty trucks 3.
§ 86.1824-07 Durability demonstration procedures for evaporative emissions.
§ 86.1824-08 Durability demonstration procedures for evaporative emissions.
§ 86.1864-10 How to comply with the fleet average cold temperature NMHC standards.
§ 86.1854-12 Prohibited acts.
§ 86.1845-01 Manufacturer in-use verification testing requirements.
§ 86.1835-01 Confirmatory certification testing.
§ 86.1815-01 Emission standards for light-duty trucks 4.
§ 86.1805-01 Useful life.
§ 86.1825-01 Durability demonstration procedures for refueling emissions.
§ 86.1815-02 Emission standards for light-duty trucks 4.
§ 86.1845-04 Manufacturer in-use verification testing requirements.
§ 86.1805-04 Useful life.
§ 86.1825-08 Durability demonstration procedures for refueling emissions.
§ 86.1805-12 Useful life.
§ 86.1865-12 How to comply with the fleet average CO2 standards.
§ 86.1805-17 Useful life.
§ 86.1846-01 Manufacturer in-use confirmatory testing requirements.
§ 86.1826-01 Assigned deterioration factors for small-volume manufacturers and small-volume test groups.
§ 86.1806-01 On-board diagnostics.
§ 86.1836-01 Manufacturer-supplied production vehicles for testing.
§ 86.1806-04 On-board diagnostics.
§ 86.1816-05 Emission standards for complete heavy-duty vehicles.
§ 86.1806-05 Onboard diagnostics.
§ 86.1816-08 Emission standards for complete heavy-duty vehicles.
§ 86.1866-12 CO2 credits for advanced technology vehicles.
§ 86.1806-17 Onboard diagnostics.
§ 86.1816-18 Emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles.
§§ 86.1855-86.1859 [Reserved]
§ 86.1807-01 Vehicle labeling.
§ 86.1827-01 Test group determination.
§ 86.1837-01 Rounding of emission measurements.
§ 86.1847-01 Manufacturer in-use verification and in-use confirmatory testing; submittal of information and maintenance of records.
§ 86.1817-05 Complete heavy-duty vehicle averaging, trading, and banking program.
§ 86.1807-07 Vehicle labeling.
§ 86.1817-08 Complete heavy-duty vehicle averaging, trading, and banking program.
§ 86.1867-12 CO2 credits for reducing leakage of air conditioning refrigerant.
§ 86.1838-01 Small-volume manufacturer certification procedures.
§ 86.1808-01 Maintenance instructions.
§ 86.1848-01 Certification.
§ 86.1828-01 Emission data vehicle selection.
§ 86.1808-07 Maintenance instructions.
§ 86.1848-10 Compliance with emission standards for the purpose of certification.
§ 86.1828-10 Emission data vehicle selection.
§ 86.1818-12 Greenhouse gas emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles.
§ 86.1868-12 CO2 credits for improving the efficiency of air conditioning systems.
§ 86.1809-01 Prohibition of defeat devices.
§ 86.1829-01 Durability and emission testing requirements; waivers.
§ 86.1839-01 Carryover of certification data.
§ 86.1849-01 Right of entry.
§ 86.1809-10 Prohibition of defeat devices.
§ 86.1869-12 CO2 credits for off-cycle CO2-reducing technologies.
§ 86.1809-12 Prohibition of defeat devices.
§ 86.1819-14 Greenhouse gas emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles.
§ 86.1829-15 Durability and emission testing requirements; waivers.
Subpart T—Manufacturer-Run In-Use Testing Program for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines
§ 86.1901 What testing requirements apply to my engines that have gone into service?
§ 86.1905 How does this program work?
§ 86.1908 How must I select and screen my in-use engines?
§ 86.1910 How must I prepare and test my in-use engines?
§ 86.1912 How do I determine whether an engine meets the vehicle-pass criteria?
§ 86.1915 What are the requirements for Phase 1 and Phase 2 testing?
§ 86.1917 How does in-use testing under this subpart relate to the emission-related warranty in Section 207(a)(1) of the Clean Air Act?
§ 86.1920 What in-use testing information must I report to EPA?
§ 86.1925 What records must I keep?
§ 86.1930 What special provisions apply from 2005 through 2010?
Appendix I to Subpart T of Part 86—Sample Graphical Summary of NTE Emission Results
§§ 86.1931-86.1999 [Reserved]
Appendix I to Part 86—Dynamometer Schedules
Appendix V to Part 86—The Standard Road Cycle (SRC)
Appendix X to Part 86—Sampling Plans for Selective Enforcement Auditing of Heavy-Duty Engines and Light-Duty Trucks
Appendix II to Part 86—Temperature Schedules
Appendix IV to Part 86—Durability Driving Schedules
Appendix VI to Part 86—Vehicle and Engine Components
Appendix IX to Part 86—Experimentally Determining the R-Factor for Bench Aging Durability Procedures
Appendix XI to Part 86—Sampling Plans for Selective Enforcement Auditing of Light-Duty Vehicles
Appendix III to Part 86—Constant Volume Sampler Flow Calibration
Appendix VII to Part 86—Standard Bench Cycle (SBC)
Appendix XII to Part 86—Tables for Production Compliance Auditing of Heavy-Duty Engines and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Including Light-Duty Trucks
Appendix VIII to Part 86—Aging Bench Equipment and Procedures
Appendix XIII to Part 86—State Requirements Incorporated by Reference in Part 86 of the Code of Federal Regulations

Authority

42 U.S.C. 7401–7671q.

EditorNote

, Nomenclature changes to part 86 appear at 60 FR 34377, June 30, 1995.